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Species Name: Mycale angulosa Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864
Common Name: Sponge
Synonymy: Mycale (Aegogropila) angulosa Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864
Mycale (Carmia) angulosa Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864
Mycale angulosa Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864
Pandaros angulosa Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864
  1. TAXONOMY

    Kingdom Phylum/Division Class: Order: Family: Genus:
    Animalia Porifera Demospongiae Poecilosclerida Mycalidae Mycale

    Please refer to the accompanying glossary for definitions of the descriptive terms used in this report.

    Species Description

    The sponge, Mycale angulosa is a fouling sponge with an irregular, slightly rough surface and fingerlike projections (Porifera Brasil 2012). Oscules are numerous and measure 1-10 mm in diameter. Living specimens are white, yellow, purple, brown or dark blue. The consistency is soft, and the skeleton consists of dense triangular megascleres and loose spicules.

  2. HABITAT AND DISTRIBUTION

    Habitat & Regional Occurence

    M. angulosa is found in marine habitats stretching from Florida around the Gulf of Mexico and throughout the Caribbean to Brazil (World Porifera Database 2012).

  3. LIFE HISTORY AND POPULATION BIOLOGY

    Size & Growth

    Encrusting forms of M. angulosa grow from 0.5 to 6 cm thick, while branched, vertical growth forms can attain heights of 50 cm (Porifera Brasil 2012).

  4. PHYSICAL TOLERANCES

    No information is available at this time

  5. COMMUNITY ECOLOGY

    Associated Species

    The hydroid, Zyzzyzus warreni, has a symbiotic relationship with M. angulosa, growing around the incurrent openings where it feeds on suspended particulates flowing into the sponge (Puce et al. 2005). As with other species of sponges, several additional organisms live in association with M. angulosa, including brittle stars, crustaceans, polychaetes and molluscs (Duarte 1980).

  6. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

    No information is available at this time

  7. REFERENCES

    Duarte LFL. 1980. A endofauna da esponja Zygomycale parshii (Bowerbank) (composiçao, dominância, diversidade e natureza da associaçao). Campinas, Sao Paulo: Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Master's thesis. 120 pp.

    Puce S, Calcinai B, Bavestrello G, Cerrano C, Gravili C & F Boero. 2005. Hydrozoa (Cnidaria) symbiotic with Porifera: a review. Mar. Ecol. 26: 73-81.

    World Porifera Database. World Register of Marine Species. Online: http://www.marinespecies.org/porifera. Accessed 25 November 2012.

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Page last updated: 28 December 2012

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