Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce

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Dr. Valerie Paul
Head Scientist

dos Santos, Larissa A. H., Clavico, Etiene E. G., Parra, Lizbeth L. L., Berlinck, Roberto G. S., Ferreira, Antonio G., Paul, Valerie J. and Pereira, Renato C. 2017. Evaluation of Chemical Defense and Chemical Diversity in the Exotic Bryozoan Amathia verticillata, Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, 28(3):435-442

Galimany, E., Lunt, Jessica, Freeman, Christopher J., Reed, S., Segura-García, Iris and Paul, Valerie J. 2017. Feeding behavior of eastern oysters Crassostrea virginica and hard clams Mercenaria mercenaria in shallow estuaries, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 567():125-137

Agarwal, Vinayak, Blanton, Jessica M., Podell, Sheila, Taton, Arnaud, Schorn, Michelle A., Busch, Julia, Lin, Zhenjian, Schmidt, Eric W., Jensen, Paul R., Paul, Valerie J., Biggs, Jason S., Golden, James W., Allen, Eric E. and Moore, Bradley S. 2017. Metagenomic discovery of polybrominated diphenyl ether biosynthesis by marine sponges, Nature Chemical Biology, 13(5):537-543

Meyer, Julie L., Paul, Valerie J., Raymundo, Laurie J. and Teplitski, Max. 2017. Comparative Metagenomics of the Polymicrobial Black Band Disease of Corals, Frontiers in Microbiology, 8

Demko, Alyssa M., Amsler, Charles D., Hay, Mark E., Long, Jeremy D., McClintock, James B., Paul, Valerie J. and Sotka, Erik E. 2017. Declines in plant palatability from polar to tropical latitudes depend on herbivore and plant identity, Ecology, 98(9):2312-2321

Capper, Angela, Erickson, Amy A., Ritson-Williams, Raphael, Becerro, Mikel A., Arthur, Karen A. and Paul, Valerie J. 2016. Palatability and chemical defences of benthic cyanobacteria to a suite of herbivores, Journal of experimental marine biology and ecology, 474:100-108

Meyer, Julie L., Gunasekera, Sarath P., Scott, Raymond M., Paul, Valerie J. and Teplitski, Max. 2016. Microbiome shifts and the inhibition of quorum sensing by Black Band Disease cyanobacteria, The ISME journal, 10:1204-1216

Gamal, Abrahim El, Agarwal, Vinayak, Diethelm, Stefan, Rahman, Imran, Schorn, Michelle A., Sneed, Jennifer M., Louie, Gordon V., Whalen, Kristen E., Mincer, Tracy J., Noel, Joseph P., Paul, Valerie J. and Moore, Bradley S. 2016. Biosynthesis of coral settlement cue tetrabromopyrrole in marine bacteria by a uniquely adapted brominase–thioesterase enzyme pair, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 113(14):3797-3802

Bousquet, Michelle S., Ma, Jia Jia, Ratnayake, Ranjala, Havre, Pamela A., Yao, Jin, Dang, Nam H., Paul, Valerie J., Carney, Thomas J., Dang, Long H. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2016. Multidimensional Screening Platform for Simultaneously Targeting Oncogenic KRAS and Hypoxia-Inducible Factors Pathways in Colorectal Cancer, ACS chemical biology, 11(5):1322-1331

Al-Awadhi, Fatma, Ratnayake, Ranjala, Paul, Valerie J. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2016. Tasiamide F, a potent inhibitor of cathepsins D and E from a marine cyanobacterium, Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, 24(15):3276-3282

Gunasekera, Sarath P., Li, Yang, Ratnayake, Ranjala, Luo, Danmeng, Lo, Jeannette, Reibenspies, Joseph H., Xu, Zhengshuang, Clare-Salzler, Michael, Ye, Tao, Paul, Valerie J. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2016. Discovery, Total Synthesis and Key Structural Elements for the Immunosuppressive Activity of Cocosolide, a Symmetrical Glycosylated Macrolide Dimer from Marine Cyanobacteria, Chemistry – A European Journal, 22(24):8158-8166

Cai, Weijing, Matthews, James H., Paul, Valerie J. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2016. Pitiamides A and B, Multifunctional Fatty Acid Amides from Marine Cyanobacteria, Planta Medica, 82(9/10):897-902

Gunasekera, Sarath P., Imperial, Lorelie, Garst, Christiana, Ratnayake, Ranjala, Dang, Long H., Paul, Valerie J. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2016. Caldoramide, a Modified Pentapeptide from the Marine Cyanobacterium Caldora penicillata, Journal of natural products, 79(7):1867-1871

Campbell, Justin E., Fisch, Jay, Langdon, Chris and Paul, Valerie J. 2016. Increased temperature mitigates the effects of ocean acidification in calcified green algae (Halimeda spp.), Coral Reefs, 35(1):357-368

Ritson-Williams, Raphael, Arnold, Suzanne N. and Paul, Valerie J. 2016. Patterns of larval settlement preferences and post-settlement survival for seven Caribbean corals, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 548:127-138

Olsen, Kevin, Sneed, Jennifer M. and Paul, Valerie J. 2016. Differential larval settlement responses of Porites astreoides and Acropora palmata in the presence of the green alga Halimeda opuntia, Coral Reefs, 35(2):521-525

Ritson-Williams, Raphael, Ross, Cliff and Paul, Valerie J. 2016. Elevated Temperature and Allelopathy Impact Coral Recruitment, PloS One, 11(12):1-16

Meyer, Julie L., Rodgers, John M., Dillard, Brian A., Paul, Valerie J. and Teplitski, Max. 2016. Epimicrobiota Associated with the Decay and Recovery of Orbicella Corals Exhibiting Dark Spot Syndrome, Frontiers in Microbiology, 7

Soares, Angélica R., Engene, Niclas, Gunasekera, Sarath P., Sneed, Jennifer M. and Paul, Valerie J. 2015. Carriebowlinol, an Antimicrobial Tetrahydroquinolinol from an Assemblage of Marine Cyanobacteria Containing a Novel Taxon, Journal of natural products, 78(3):534-538

Hagedorn, Mary M., Farrell, Ann, Carter, Virginia, Zuchowicz, Nikolas, Johnston, Erika, Padilla-Gamiño, Jacqueline, Gunasekera, Sarath and Paul, Valerie J. 2015. Effects of Toxic Compounds in Montipora capitata on Exogenous and Endogenous Zooxanthellae Performance and Fertilization Success, PloS One, 10(2):1-17

Salvador-Reyes, Lilibeth, Engene, Niclas, Paul, Valerie J. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2015. Targeted Natural Products Discovery from Marine Cyanobacteria Using Combined Phylogenetic and Mass Spectrometric Evaluation, Journal of natural products, 78(3):486-492

Sharp, K. H., Sneed, J. M., Ritchie, K. B., Mcdaniel, L. and Paul, Valerie J. 2015. Induction of Larval Settlement in the Reef Coral Porites astreoides by a Cultivated Marine Roseobacter Strain, The Biological bulletin, 228(2):98-107

Agarwal, Vinayak, Li, Jie, Rahman, Imran, Borgen, Miles, Aluwihare, Lihini I., Biggs, Jason S., Paul, Valerie J. and Moore, Bradley S. 2015. Complexity of Naturally Produced Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers Revealed via Mass Spectrometry, Environmental science & technology, 49(3):1339-1346

Olsen, Kevin, Paul, Valerie J. and Ross, Cliff. 2015. Direct effects of elevated temperature, reduced pH, and the presence of macroalgae (Dictyota spp.) on larvae of the Caribbean coral Porites astreoides, Bulletin of Marine Science, 91(2):255-270

Sneed, Jennifer M., Ritson-Williams, Raphael and Paul, Valerie J. 2015. Crustose coralline algal species host distinct bacterial assemblages on their surfaces, The ISME journal, (9):2527-2536

Engene, Niclas, Tronholm, Ana, Salvador-Reyes, Lilibeth, Luesch, Hendrik and Paul, Valerie J. 2015. Caldora penicillata gen. nov., comb. nov. (Cyanobacteria), a pantropical marine species with biomedical relevance, Journal of Phycology, 51(4):670-681

DeBose, Jennifer L., Kiene, Ronald P. and Paul, Valerie J. 2015. Eggs and larvae of Acropora palmata and larvae of Porites astreoides contain high amounts of dimethylsulfoniopropionate, Journal of experimental marine biology and ecology, 473:146-151

Gómez, C. E., Paul, Valerie J., Ritson-Williams, R., Muehllehner, N., Langdon, C. and Sánchez, J. A. 2015. Responses of the tropical gorgonian coral Eunicea fusca to ocean acidification conditions, Coral Reefs, 34(2):451-460

Meyer, Julie L., Dillard, Brian A., Rodgers, John M., Ritchie, Kim B., Paul, Valerie J. and Teplitski, Max. 2015. Draft genome sequence of Halomonas meridiana R1t3 isolated from the surface microbiota of the Caribbean Elkhorn coral Acropora palmata, Standards in Genomic Sciences, 10(1):75

Salvador-Reyes, Lilibeth A., Sneed, Jennifer, Paul, Valerie J. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2015. Amantelides A and B, Polyhydroxylated Macrolides with Differential Broad-Spectrum Cytotoxicity from a Guamanian Marine Cyanobacterium, Journal of Natural Products, 78(8):1957-1962

Ritson-Williams, R., Arnold, S. N., Paul, Valerie J. and Steneck, R. S. 2014. Larval settlement preferences of Acropora palmata and Montastraea faveolata in response to diverse red algae, Coral Reefs, 33(1):59-66

DeBose, Jennifer L. and Paul, Valerie J. 2014. Chemical signatures of multi-species foraging aggregations are attractive to fish, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 498:243-248

Kwan, Jason C., Liu, Yanxia, Ratnayake, Ranjala, Hatano, Ryo, Kuribara, Akiko, Morimoto, Chiko, Ohnuma, Kei, Paul, Valerie J., Ye, Tao and Luesch, Hendrik. 2014. Grassypeptolides as Natural Inhibitors of Dipeptidyl Peptidase 8 and T-Cell Activation, Chembiochem, 15(6):799-804

Krediet, Cory J., Meyer, Julie L., Gimbrone, Nicholas, Yanong, Roy, Berzins, Ilze, Alagely, Ali, Castro, Herman, Ritchie, Kim B., Paul, Valerie J. and Teplitski, Max. 2014. Interactions between the tropical sea anemone Aiptasia pallida and Serratia marcescens, an opportunistic pathogen of corals, Environmental Microbiology Reports, 6(3):287-292

Sneed, Jennifer M., Sharp, Koty H., Ritchie, Kimberly B. and Paul, Valerie J. 2014. The chemical cue tetrabromopyrrole from a biofilm bacterium induces settlement of multiple Caribbean corals, Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 281(1786):20133086

Meyer, Julie L., Paul, Valerie J. and Teplitski, Max. 2014. Community Shifts in the Surface Microbiomes of the Coral Porites astreoides with Unusual Lesions, PLoS ONE, 9(6):1-9

Sauvage, Thomas, Wynne, Michael J., Paul, Valerie J. and Fredericq, Suzanne. 2014. Morphological and molecular clarification of the enigmatic Caulerpa floridana W.R. Taylor (Chlorophyta, Bryopsidales) from the Dry Tortugas, Florida, European Journal of Phycology, 49(3):370-383

Olsen, K., Ritson-Williams, R., Paul, Valerie J. and Ross, C. 2014. Combined effects of macroalgal presence and elevated temperature on the early life-history stages of a common Caribbean coral, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 509:181-191

Puglisi, Melany P., Sneed, Jennifer M., Sharp, Koty H., Ritson-Williams, Raphael and Paul, Valerie J. 2014. Marine chemical ecology in benthic environments, Natural Product Reports, 31:1510-1533

Campbell, Justin E., Craft, Jonathan D., Muehllehner, Nancy, Langdon, Chris and Paul, Valerie J. 2014. Responses of calcifying algae (Halimeda spp.) to ocean acidification: implications for herbivores, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 514:43-56

Clark, Kathryn E., Capper, Angela, Della Togna, Gina, Paul, Valerie J., Romero, Luz I., Johns, Timothy, Cubilla-Rios, Luis and Capson, Todd L. 2013. Ecology- and bioassay-guided drug discovery for treatments of tropical parasitic disease: 5alpha,8alpha-epidioxycholest-6-en-3beta-ol isolated from the mollusk Dolabrifera dolabrifera shows significant activity against Leishmania donovani, Natural Product Communications, 8(11):1537-1540

Engene, Niclas, Gunasekera, Sarath, Gerwick, William H. and Paul, Valerie J. 2013. Phylogenetic Inferences Reveal Large Extent of Novel Biodiversity in Chemically Rich Tropical Marine Cyanobacteria, Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 79(6):1882-1888

Wang, Rui, Paul, Valerie J. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2013. Seaweed extracts and unsaturated fatty acid constituents from the green alga Ulva lactuca as activators of the cytoprotective Nrf2-ARE pathway, Free Radical Biology and Medicine, 57:141-153

Krediet, Cory J., Ritchie, Kim B., Paul, Valerie J. and Teplitski, Max. 2013. Coral-associated micro-organisms and their roles in promoting coral health and thwarting diseases, Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 280(1755):20122328-20122328

Craft, Jonathan D., Paul, Valerie J. and Sotka, Erik E. 2013. Biogeographic and phylogenetic effects on feeding resistance of generalist herbivores toward plant chemical defenses, Ecology, 94(1):18-24

Montaser, Rana, Paul, Valerie J. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2013. Modular Strategies for Structure and Function Employed by Marine Cyanobacteria: Characterization and Synthesis of Pitinoic Acids, Organic letters, 15(16):4050-4053

Olsen, K., Ritson-Williams, R., Ochrietor, J. D., Paul, Valerie J. and Ross, C. 2013. Detecting hyperthermal stress in larvae of the hermatypic coral Porites astreoides: the suitability of using biomarkers of oxidative stress versus heat-shock protein transcriptional expression, Marine Biology, 160(10):2609-2618

Abed, Raeid M. M., Dobretsov, Sergey, Al-Fori, Marwan, Gunasekera, Sarath P., Sudesh, Kumar and Paul, Valerie J. 2013. Quorum-sensing inhibitory compounds from extremophilic microorganisms isolated from a hypersaline cyanobacterial mat, Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology, 40(7):759-772

Salvador, Lilibeth A., Taori, Kanchan, Biggs, Jason S., Jakoncic, Jean, Ostrov, David A., Paul, Valerie J. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2013. Potent Elastase Inhibitors from Cyanobacteria: Structural Basis and Mechanisms Mediating Cytoprotective and Anti-Inflammatory Effects in Bronchial Epithelial Cells, Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 56(3):1276-1290

Morrow, Kathleen M., Liles, Mark R., Paul, Valerie J., Moss, Anthony G. and Chadwick, Nanette E. 2013. Bacterial shifts associated with coral–macroalgal competition in the Caribbean Sea, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 488:103-117

Ratnayake, Ranjala, Liu, Yanxia, Paul, Valerie J. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2013. Cultivated Sea Lettuce is a Multiorgan Protector from Oxidative and Inflammatory Stress by Enhancing the Endogenous Antioxidant Defense System, Cancer Prevention Research, 6(9):989-999

Ross, C., Ritson-Williams, R., Olsen, K. and Paul, Valerie J. 2013. Short-term and latent post-settlement effects associated with elevated temperature and oxidative stress on larvae from the coral Porites astreoides, Coral Reefs, 32(1):71-79

Yotsu-Yamashita, Mari, Abe, Yuka, Kudo, Yuta, Ritson-Williams, Raphael, Paul, Valerie J., Konoki, Keiichi, Cho, Yuko, Adachi, Masaatsu, Imazu, Takuya, Nishikawa, Toshio and Isobe, Minoru. 2013. First Identification of 5,11-Dideoxytetrodotoxin in Marine Animals, and Characterization of Major Fragment Ions of Tetrodotoxin and Its Analogs by High Resolution ESI-MS/MS, Marine Drugs, 11(8):2799-2813

Pawlik, Joseph R., Amsler, Charles D., Ritson-Williams, Raphael, McClintock, James B., Baker, Bill J. and Paul, Valerie J. 2013. "Marine Chemical Ecology: A Science Born of Scuba". Pp. 53-69 in Research and Discoveries: The Revolution of Science through Scuba ().

Engene, Niclas, Paul, Valerie J., Byrum, Tara, Gerwick, William H., Thor, Andrea and Ellisman, Mark H. 2013. Five chemically rich species of tropical marine cyanobacteria of the genus Okeania gen. nov. (Oscillatoriales, Cyanoprokaryota), Journal of Phycology, 49(6):1095-1106

Paerl, Hans W. and Paul, Valerie J. 2012. Climate Change: Links to Global Expansion of Harmful Cyanobacteria, Water research, 46:1349-1363

Sharp, Koty H., Distel, Dan and Paul, Valerie J. 2012. Diversity and dynamics of bacterial communities in early life stages of the Caribbean coral Porites astreoides, The ISME Journal, 6(4):790-801

Morrow, Kathleen M., Ritson-Williams, Raphael, Ross, Cliff, Liles, Mark R. and Paul, Valerie J. 2012. Macroalgal Extracts Induce Bacterial Assemblage Shifts and Sublethal Tissue Stress in Caribbean Corals, PLoS ONE, 7(9):1-12

Montaser, Rana, Paul, Valerie J. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2012. Marine Cyanobacterial Fatty Acid Amides Acting on Cannabinoid Receptors, Chembiochem, 13(18):2676-2681

Salvador, Lilibeth A., Biggs, Jason S., Paul, Valerie J. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2011. Veraguamides A-G, Cyclic Hexadepsipeptides from a Dolastatin 16-Producing Cyanobacterium Symploca cf. hydnoides from Guam, Journal of natural products, 74(5):917-927

Dobretsov, Sergey, Teplitski, Max, Bayer, Mirko, Gunasekera, Sarath, Proksch, Peter and Paul, Valerie J. 2011. Inhibition of marine biofouling by bacterial quorum sensing inhibitors, Biofouling, 27(8):893-905

Fong, Peggy and Paul, Valerie J. 2011. "Coral Reef Algae". Pp. 241-272 in Coral Reefs: An Ecosystem in Transition (Dubinsky, Zvy and Stambler, Noga). Springer Science + Business Media B.V

Montaser, Rana, Paul, Valerie J. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2011. Pitipeptolides C-F, antimycobacterial cyclodepsipeptides from the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya majuscula from Guam, Phytochemistry, 72(16):2068-2074

Morrow, K. M., Paul, Valerie J., Liles, M. R. and Chadwick, N. E. 2011. Allelochemicals produced by Caribbean macroalgae and cyanobacteria have species-specific effects on reef coral microorganisms, Coral Reefs, 30(2):309-320

Gunasekera, Sarath P., Owle, Chivas S., Montaser, Rana, Luesch, Hendrik and Paul, Valerie J. 2011. Malyngamide 3 and cocosamides A and B from the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya majuscula from Cocos Lagoon, Guam, Journal of natural products, 74(4):871-876

Kuffner, Ilsa B., Hickey, T. D., Paul, Valerie J., Morrison, Jennifer M., Walters, Linda J., Grablow, Katie R., Turner, Teresa and Parish, Edward R. 2011. Half-dead colonies of Montastraea annularis release viable gametes on a degraded reef in the U.S. Virgin Islands, Bulletin of Marine Science, 87(4):855-856

Meickle, Theresa, Gunasekera, Sarath P., Liu, Yanxia, Luesch, Hendrik and Paul, Valerie J. 2011. Porpoisamides A and B, two novel epimeric cyclic depsipeptides from a Florida Keys collection of Lyngbya sp, Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, 19(22):6576-6580

Paul, Valerie J., Ritson-Williams, Raphael and Sharp, Koty. 2011. Marine chemical ecology in benthic environments, Natural Product Reports, 28:345-387

Montaser, Rana, Abboud, Khalil A., Paul, Valerie J. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2011. Pitiprolamide, a Proline-Rich Dolastatin 16 Analogue from the Marine Cyanobacterium Lyngbya majuscula from Guam, Journal of Natural Products, 74(1):109-112

Kwan, Jason C., Meickle, Theresa, Ladwa, Dheran, Teplitski, Max, Paul, Valerie J. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2011. Lyngbyoic acid, a "tagged" fatty acid from a marine cyanobacterium, disrupts quorum sensing in Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Molecular Biosystems, 7(4):1205-1216

Paul, Valerie J., Kuffner, Ilsa B., Walters, Linda J., Ritson-Williams, Raphael, Beach, Kevin S. and Becerro, Mikel A. 2011. Chemically mediated interactions between macroalgae Dictyota spp. and multiple life-history stages of the coral Porites astreoides, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 426:161-170

Dobretsov, Sergey, Teplitski, Max, Alagely, Ali, Gunasekera, Sarath and Paul, Valerie J. 2010. Malyngolide from the cyanobacterium Lyngbya majuscula interferes with quorum sensing circuitry, Environmental Microbiology Reports, 2(6):739-744

Gunasekera, Sarath, Miller, Margaret W., Kwan, Jason C., Luesch, Hendrik and Paul, Valerie J. 2010. Molassamide, a Depsipeptide Serine Protease Inhibitor from the Marine Cyanobacterium Dichothrix utahensis†, Journal of natural products, 73(3):459-462

Kwan, Jason C., Teplitski, Max, Gunasekera, Sarath, Paul, Valerie J. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2010. Isolation and Biological Evaluation of 8-epi-Malyngamide C from the Floridian Marine Cyanobacterium Lyngbya majuscula†, Journal of natural products, 73(3):463-466

Sharp, Koty H., Ritchie, Kim B., Schupp, Peter J., Ritson-Williams, Raphael and Paul, Valerie J. 2010. Bacterial Acquisition in Juveniles of Several Broadcast Spawning Coral Species, Plos One, 5(5):e10898

Matthew, Susan, Ratnayake, Ranjala, Becerro, Mikel A., Ritson-Williams, Raphael, Paul, Valerie J. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2010. Intramolecular Modulation of Serine Protease Inhibitor Activity in a Marine Cyanobacterium with Antifeedant Properties, Marine Drugs, 8(6):1803-1816

Salvador, Lilibeth A., Paul, Valerie J. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2010. Caylobolide B, a Macrolactone from Symplostatin 1-Producing Marine Cyanobacteria Phormidium spp. from Florida, Journal of Natural Products, 73(9):1606-1609

Matthew, Susan, Salvador, Lilibeth A., Schupp, Peter J., Paul, Valerie J. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2010. Cytotoxic Halogenated Macrolides and Modified Peptides from the Apratoxin-Producing Marine Cyanobacterium Lyngbya bouillonii from Guam, Journal of Natural Products, 73(9):1544-1552

Kwan , Jason C., Ratnayake, Ranjala, Abboud, Khalil A., Paul, Valerie J. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2010. Grassypeptolides A-C, Cytotoxic Bis-thiazoline containing marine cyclodepsipeptides, Journal of Organic Chemistry, 75(23):8012-8023

Ross, Cliff, Ritson-Williams, Raphael, Pierce, Richard, Bullington, J. Bradley, Henry, Michaël and Paul, Valerie J. 2010. Effects of the Florida red tide dinoflagellate, Karenia brevis, on oxidative stress and metamorphosis of larvae of the coral Porites astreoides, Harmful Algae, 9(2):173-179

Ritson-Williams, Raphael, Paul, Valerie J., Arnold, S. N. and Steneck, Robert S. 2010. Larval settlement preferences and post-settlement survival of the threatened Caribbean corals Acropora palmata and A. cervicornis, Coral Reefs, 29(1):71-81

Ritson-Williams, Raphael, Arnold, Suzanne, Fogarty, Nicole, Steneck, Robert S., Vermeij, Mark and Paul, Valerie J. 2009. New perspectives on ecological mechanisms affecting coral recruitment on reefs, Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences, (38):437-457

Arthur, Karen E., Paul, Valerie J., Paerl, Hans W., O'Neil, Judith M., Joyner, Jennifer and Meickle, Theresa. 2009. Effects of nutrient enrichment of the cyanobacterium Lyngbya sp on growth, secondary metabolite concentration and feeding by the specialist grazer Stylocheilus striatus, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 394:101-110

Matthew, Susan, Paul, Valerie J. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2009. Tiglicamides A-C, cyclodepsipeptides from the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya confervoides, Phytochemistry, 70(17-18):2058-2063

Kwan, Jason C., Taori, Kanchan, Paul, Valerie J. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2009. Lyngbyastatins 8-10, Elastase Inhibitors with Cyclic Depsipeptide Scaffolds Isolated from the Marine Cyanobacterium Lyngbya semiplena , Marine Drugs, 7:528-538

Meickle, Theresa, Matthew, Susan, Ross, Cliff, Luesch, Hendrik and Paul, Valerie J. 2009. Bioassay-Guided Isolation and Identification of Desacetlymicrocolin B from Lyngbya cf. polychroa, Planta Medica, 75:1427-1430

Kwan, Jason C., Eksioglu, Erika A., Liu, Chen, Paul, Valerie J. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2009. Grassystatins A-C from Marine Cyanobacteria, Potent Cathepsin E Inhibitors That Reduce Antigen Presentation, Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 52(18):5732-5747

Sharp, Koty, Arthur, Karen E., Gu, Liangcai, Ross, Cliff, Harrison, Genelle, Gunasekera, Sarath, Meickle, Theresa, Matthew, Susan, Luesch, Hendrik, Thacker, Robert W., Sherman, David H. and Paul, Valerie J. 2009. Phylogenetic and Chemical Diversity of Three Chemotypes of Bloom-Forming Lyngbya Species (Cyanobacteria: Oscillatoriales) from Reefs of Southeastern Florida, Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 75(9):2879-2888

Matthew, Susan, Paul, Valerie J. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2009. Largamides A-C, Tiglic Acid-Containing Cyclodepsipeptides with Elastase-Inhibitory Activity from the Marine Cyanobacterium Lyngbya confervoides, Planta Medica, 75(5):528-533

Dobretsov, Sergey, Teplitski, Max and Paul, Valerie J. 2009. Mini-review: quorum sensing in the marine environment and its relationship to biofouling, Biofouling, 25(5):413-427

Taori, Kanchan, Liu, Yanxia, Paul, Valerie J. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2009. Combinatorial Strategies by Marine Cyanobacteria: Symplostatin 4, an Antimitotic Natural Dolastatin 10/15 Hybrid that Synergizes with the Coproduced HDAC Inhibitor Largazole, ChemBioChem, 10(10):1634-1639

Ritson-Williams, Raphael, Shjegstad, Sonia M. and Paul, Valerie J. 2009. Larval metamorphosis of Phestilla spp. in response to waterborne cues from corals, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 375(1-2):84-88

Kuffner, Ilsa B., Paul, Valerie J., Ritson-Williams, Raphael, Hickey, T. D. and Walters, Linda J. 2009. "Reef communities in the Dry Tortugas (Florida, USA): Baseline surveys for the new no-take area". Pp. 311-315 in Proceedings of the 11th International Coral Reef Symposium, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, 7-11 July 2008 (Reigl, B. M. and Dodge, R. E.).

Paul, Valerie J., Piraino, Julianne and Diederick, Laura. 2009. Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce: 38 years of research on the marine biodiversity of Florida, Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences, (38):25-41

Kuffner, Ilsa B., Paul, Valerie J., Ritson-Williams, Raphael, Hickey, T. D. and Walters, Linda J. 2008. "Reef communities in the Dry Tortugas (Florida, USA): Baseline surveys for the new no-take area". Pp. 311-315 in Proceedings of the 11th International Coral Reef Symposium (). National Coral Reef Institute

Ross, Cliff, Puglisi, Melany P. and Paul, Valerie J. 2008. Antifungal defenses of seagrasses from the Indian River Lagoon, Florida, Aquatic Botany, 88:134-141

Kwan, J. C., Rocca, J. R., Abboud, Khalil A., Paul, Valerie J. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2008. Total structure determination of grassypeptolide, a new marine cyanobacterial cytotoxin, Organic Letters, 10(5):789-792

Taori, K., Paul, Valerie J. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2008. Structure and activity of largazole, a potent antiproliferative agent from the Floridian marine cyanobacterium Symploca sp, Journal of the American Chemical Society, 130(6):1806-1807

Paul, V.J. 2008. "Global warming and cyanobacterial harmful algal blooms". Pp. 239-257 in Cyanobacterial Harmful Algal Blooms: State of the Science and research Needs (Hudnell, H.K.). Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, Vol. 619, Springer

Slattery, M. and Paul, Valerie J. 2008. Indirect effects of bleaching on predator deterrence in the tropical Pacific soft coral Sinularia maxima, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 354:169-179

Matthew, Susan, Ross, C., Paul, Valerie J. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2008. Pompanopeptins A and B, new cyclic peptides from the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya confervoides, Tetrahedron, 64(18):4081-4089

Gunasekera, Sarath, Ross, C., Paul, Valerie J., Matthew, S. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2008. Dragonamides C and D, linear lipopeptides from the marine cyanobacterium brown Lyngbya polychroa, Journal of Natural Products, 71(5):887-890

Paul, Valerie J. and Ritson-Williams, Raphael. 2008. Marine Chemical Ecology, Natural Product Reports: A Journal of Current Developments in Bio-organic Chemistry, 25:662-695

Luesch, Hendrik, Liu, Y., Taori, K., Kwan, J., Matthew, S. and Paul, Valerie J. 2008. Bioactive natural products from marine cyanobacteria: new structures and modes of action, Planta Medica, 74(9):931-931

Matthew, S., Ross, C., Paul, Valerie J. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2008. Serine protease inhibitors from the Floridian marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya confervoides, Planta Medica, 74(9):1037-1038

Perovich, G., Dortch, Q., Goodrich, J., Berger, P.S., Brooks, J., Evens, T.J., Gobler, C.J., Graham, J., Hyde, J., Karner, D., O'Shea, D., Paul, V.J., Paerl, H., Piehler, M., Rosen, B.H., Santelmann, M., Tester, P. and Westrick, J. 2008. "Causes, prevention and mitigation". Pp. 185-215 in Cyanobacterial Harmful Algal Blooms: State of the Science and research Needs (Hudnell, H.K.). Springer

Taori, K., Paul, Valerie J. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2008. Kempopeptins A and B, serine protease inhibitors with different selectivity profiles from a marine cyanobacterium, Lyngbya sp, Journal of Natural Products, 71(9):1625-1629

Capper, A. and Paul, Valerie J. 2008. Grazer interactions with four species of Lyngbya in southeast Florida, Harmful Algae, 7(6):717-728

Erickson, A. A., Feller, Ilka C., Paul, Valerie J., Kwiatkowski, L. M. and Lee, W. 2008. Selection of an omnivorous diet by the mangrove tree crab Aratus pisonii in laboratory experiments, Journal of Sea Research, 59(1-2):59-69

Paerl, Hans W., Joyner, Jennifer J., Joyner, Alan R., Arthur, Karen, Paul, Valerie J., O'Neil, Judith M. and Heil, Cynthia A. 2008. Co-occurrence of dinoflagellate and cyanobacterial harmful algal blooms in southwest Florida coastal waters: dual nutrient (N and P) input controls, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 371:143-153

Gunasekera, Sarath, Ritson-Williams, Raphael and Paul, Valerie J. 2008. Carriebowmide, a New Cyclodepsipeptide from the Marine Cyanobacterium Lyngbya polychroa, Journal of Natural Products, 71(12):2060-2063

Erpenbeck, D., Duran, S., Rützler, Klaus, Paul, Valerie J., Hooper, J. N. A. and Wörheide, G. 2007. Towards a DNA taxonomy of Caribbean demosponges: a gene tree reconstructed from partial mitochondrial CO1 gene sequences supports previous rDNA phylogenies and provides a new perspective on the systematics of Demospongiae, Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 87(6):1563-1570

Matthew, S., Ross, C., Rocca, J. R., Paul, Valerie J. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2007. Lyngbyastatin 4, a dolastatin 13 analogue with elastase and chymotrypsin inhibitory activity from the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya confervoides, Journal of Natural Products, 70(1):124-127

Taori, K., Matthew, S., Rocca, J. R., Paul, Valerie J. and Luesch, Hendrik. 2007. Lyngbyastatins 5-7, potent elastase inhibitors from Floridian marine cyanobacteria, Lyngbya spp., Journal of Natural Products, 70(10):1593-1600

Paul, Valerie J., Arthur, Karen E., Ritson-Williams, Raphael, Ross, Cliff and Sharp, Koty. 2007. Chemical Defenses: From Compounds to Communities, Biological Bulletin, 213(3):226-251

Cruz Rivera, Edwin and Paul, Valerie J. 2007. Chemical deterrence of a cyanobacterial metabolite against generalized and specialized grazers, Journal of Chemical Ecology, 33(1):213-217

Ritson-Williams, Raphael, Shjegstad, S. M. and Paul, Valerie J. 2007. Larval metamorphic competence in four species of Phestilla (Gastropoda; Opisthobranchia), Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 351(1-2):160-167

Ritson-Williams, Raphael and Paul, Valerie J. 2007. Periclimenes yucatanicus and Periclimenes rathbunae on unusual corallimorph hosts, Coral Reefs, 26(1):147

Ritson-Williams, Raphael and Paul, Valerie J. 2007. Marine benthic invertebrates use multimodal cues for defense against reef fish, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 340:29-39

Ritson-Williams, Raphael, Yotsu Yamashita, Mari and Paul, Valerie J. 2006. Ecological functions of tetrodotoxin in a deadly polyclad flatworm, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 103(9):3176-3179

Ross, Cliff, Santiago Vazquez, Lory and Paul, Valerie J. 2006. Toxin release in response to oxidative stress and programmed cell death in the cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa, Aquatic Toxicology (Amsterdam), 78(1):66-73

Cruz Rivera, Edwin and Paul, Valerie J. 2006. Feeding by coral reef mesograzers: algae or cyanobacteria?, Coral Reefs, 25(4):617-627

Becerro, Mikel A., Starmer, John A. and Paul, Valerie J. 2006. Chemical defenses of cryptic and aposematic gastropterid molluscs feeding on their host sponge Dysidea granulosa, Journal of Chemical Ecology, 32(7):1491-1500

Becerro, Mikel A., Bonito, Victor and Paul, Valerie J. 2006. Effects of monsoon-driven wave action on coral reefs of Guam and implications for coral recruitment, Coral Reefs, 25(2):193-199

Erickson, Amy, Paul, Valerie J., Van Alstyne, Kathryn and Kwiatkowski, Lisa. 2006. Palatability of macroalgae that use different types of chemical defenses, Journal of Chemical Ecology, 32(9):1883-1895

Paul, Valerie J., Puglisi, M. and Ritson-Williams, Raphael. 2006. Marine chemical ecology, Natural Product Reports: A Journal of Current Developments in Bio-organic Chemistry, 23:153-180

Kuffner, Ilsa B., Walters, Linda J., Becerro, Mikel A., Paul, Valerie J., Ritson-Williams, Raphael and Beach, Kevin S. 2006. Inhibition of coral recruitment by macroalgae and cyanobacteria, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 323:107-117

Capper, A., Cruz-Rivera, E., Paul, V.J. and Tibbetts, I.R. 2006. Chemical deterrence of a marine cyanobacterium against sympatric and non-sympatric consumers, Hydrobiologia, 553:319-326

Erickson, A.A., Paul, V.J., Van Alstyne, K.L. and Kwiatkowski, L.M. 2006. Palatability of macroalgae that employ different types of chemical defenses, Journal of Chemical Ecology, 32:1883-1895

Paul, Valerie J., Thacker, Robert W., Banks, Kenneth and Golubic, Stjepko. 2005. Benthic cyanobacterial bloom impacts the reefs of South Florida (Broward County, USA), Coral Reefs, 24(4):693-697

Ritson-Williams, Raphael, Becerro, Mikel A. and Paul, Valerie J. 2005. Spawning of the giant barrel sponge Xestospongia muta in Belize, Coral Reefs, 24(1):160

Kuffner, Ilsa B. and Paul, Valerie J. 2004. Effects of the benthic cyanobacterium Lyngbya majuscula on larval recruitment of the reef corals Acropora surculosa and Pocillopora damicornis, Coral Reefs, 23(3):455-458

Thacker, Robert W. and Paul, Valerie J. 2004. Morphological, chemical, and genetic diversity of tropical marine cyanobacteria, Lyngbya spp. and Symploca spp. (Oscillatoriales), Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 70:3305-3312

Williams, P. G., Yoshida, W. Y., Moore, R. E. and Paul, Valerie J. 2004. Micromide and Guamamide: cytotoxic alkaloids from a species of the marine cyanobacterium Symploca sp, Journal of Natural Products, 67:49-53

Shin, Jongheon, Lee, Hyi Seung, Kim, Ji Yun, Shin, Hee Jae, Ahn, Jong Woong and Paul, Valerie J. 2004. New macrolides from the sponge Chondrosia corticata, Journal of Natural Products, 67(11):1889-1892

Paul, Valerie J. and Puglisi, M. P. 2004. Chemical mediation of interactions among marine organisms, Natural Product Reports: A Journal of Current Developments in Bio-organic Chemistry, 21:189-209

Becerro, Mikel A. and Paul, Valerie J. 2004. Effects of depth and light on secondary metabolites and cyanobacterial symbionts of the sponge Dysidea granulosa, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 280:115-128

Becerro, Mikel A., Thacker, Robert W., Turon, Xavier, Uriz, Maria J. and Paul, Valerie J. 2003. Biogeography of sponge chemical ecology: Comparisons of tropical and temperate defenses, Oecologia Berlin, 135(1):91-101

Kelly, Michelle, Hooper, John, Paul, Valerie J., Paulay, Gustav, van Soest, Rob W. M. and de Weerdt, Wallie. 2003. Taxonomic inventory of the sponges (Porifera) of the Mariana Islands, Micronesica, 35-36:100-120

Williams, P. G., Luesch, Hendrik, Yoshida, W. Y., Moore, R. E. and Paul, Valerie J. 2003. Continuing studies on the cyanobacterium Lyngbya sp.: Isolation and structure determination of 15-norlyngbyapeptin A and lyngbyabellin D, Journal of Natural Products, 66:595-598

Williams, P. G., Yoshida, W. Y., Moore, R. E. and Paul, Valerie J. 2003. Novel iodinated diterpenes from a marine cyanobacterium and red alga assemblage, Organic letters, 5:4167-4170

Williams, P. G., Yoshida, W. Y., Moore, R. E. and Paul, Valerie J. 2003. Tasipeptins A and B: New cytotoxic depsipeptides from the marine cyanobacterium Symploca sp, Journal of Natural Products, 66:620-624

Williams, P. G., Yoshida, W. Y., Moore, R. E. and Paul, Valerie J. 2003. The isolation and structure elucidation of tasiamide B, a 4-amino-3-hydroxy-5-phenylpentanoic acid containing peptide from the marine cyanobacterium Symploca sp, Journal of Natural Products, 66:1006-1009

Williams, P. G., Yoshida, W. Y., Moore, R. E. and Paul, Valerie J. 2003. Isolation and structure determination of lyngbyastatin 3, a lyngbyastatin 1 homologue from the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya majuscula. Determination of the configuration of the 4-amino-2,2-dimethyl-3-oxopentanoic acid unit in majusculamide C, dolastatin 12, lyngbyastatin 1, and lyngbyastatin 3 from cyanobacteria, Journal of Natural Products, 66:1356-1363

Williams, P. G., Yoshida, W. Y., Quon, M. K., Moore, R. E. and Paul, Valerie J. 2003. The structure of palau'amide, a potent cytotoxin from a species of the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya, Journal of Natural Products, 66:1545-1549

Ritson-Williams, Raphael, Shjegstad, Sonia and Paul, Valerie J. 2003. Host specificity of four corallivorous Phestilla nudibranchs (Gastropoda: Opisthobranchia), Marine Ecology Progress Series, 255:207-218

Williams, Philip G., Yoshida, Wesley Y., Quon, Michael K., Moore, Richard E. and Paul, Valerie J. 2003. Ulongapeptin, a Cytotoxic Cyclic Depsipeptide from a Palauan Marine Cyanobacterium Lyngbya sp., Journal of Natural Products, 66(5):651-654

Luesch, Hendrik, Williams, Philip G., Yoshida, Wesley Y., Moore, Richard E. and Paul, Valerie J. 2002. Ulongamides A-F, new beta-amino acid-containing cyclodepsipeptides from Palauan collections of the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya sp., Journal of Natural Products, 65(7):996-1000

Williams, Philip G., Yoshida, Wesley Y., Moore, Richard E. and Paul, Valerie J. 2002. Tasiamide, a Cytotoxic Peptide from the Marine Cyanobacterium Symploca sp., Journal of Natural Products, 65(9):1336-1339

Sarda, Rafael, Avila, Conxita and Paul, Valerie J. 2002. An association between a syllid polychaete, Haplosyllis basticola n. sp., and the sponge Ianthella basta, Micronesica, 34(2):165-175

Puglisi, Melany P., Paul, Valerie J., Biggs, Jason and Slattery, Marc. 2002. Co-occurrence of chemical and structural defenses in the gorgonian corals of Guam, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 239:105-114

Ginsburg, David W. and Paul, Valerie J. 2001. Chemical defenses in the sea hare Aplysia parvula: importance of diet and sequestration of algal secondary metabolites, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 215:261-274

Lee, Hyi S., Seo, Youngwan, Rho, Jung Rae, Shin, Jongheon and Paul, Valerie J. 2001. New steroidal alkaloids from an undescribed sponge of the genus Corticium, Journal of Natural Products, 64(11):1474-1476

Pennings, Steven C., Nastisch, Summer and Paul, Valerie J. 2001. Vulnerability of sea hares to fish predators: Importance of diet and fish species, Coral Reefs, 20(3):320-324

Becerro, Mikel A., Goetz, Gilles, Paul, Valerie J. and Scheuer, Paul J. 2001. Chemical defenses of the sacoglossan mollusk Elysia rufescens and its host alga Bryopsis sp, Journal of Chemical Ecology, 27(11):2287-2299

Lee, Hyi S., Seo, Youngwan, Cho, Ki Woong, Rho, Jung Rae, Shin, Jongheon and Paul, Valerie J. 2000. New triterpenoid saponins from the sponge Melophlus isis, Journal of Natural Products, 63(7):915-919

Puglisi, Melany P., Paul, Valerie J. and Slattery, Marc. 2000. Biogeographic comparisons of chemical and structural defenses of the Pacific gorgonians Annella mollis and A. reticulata, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 207:263-272

Pennings, Steven C., Paul, Valerie J., Dunbar, D. Chuck, Hamann, Mark T., Lumbang, Wilfred A., Novack, Brandie and Jacobs, Robert S. 1999. Unpalatable compounds in the marine gastropod Dolabella auricularia: distribution and effect of diet, Journal of Chemical Ecology, 25(4):735-755

Schupp, Peter, Eder, Claudia, Proksch, Peter, Wray, Victor, Schneider, Bernd, Herderich, Markus and Paul, Valerie J. 1999. Staurosporine derivatives from the ascidian Eudistoma toealensis and its predatory flatworm Pseudoceros sp, Journal of Natural Products, 62(7):959-962

Thacker, Robert W., Becerro, Mikel A., Lumbang, Wilfred A. and Paul, Valerie J. 1998. Allelopathic interactions between sponges on a tropical reef, Ecology Washington D C, 79(5):1740-1750

Slattery, Marc, Avila, Conxita, Starmer, John and Paul, Valerie J. 1998. A sequestered soft coral diterpene in the aeolid nudibranch Phyllodesmium guamensis Avila, Ballesteros, Slattery, Starmer and Paul, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 226(1):33-49

Nagle, Dale G. and Paul, Valerie J. 1998. Chemical defense of a marine cyanobacterial bloom, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 225(1):29-38

Becerro, Mikel A., Paul, Valerie J. and Starmer, John. 1998. Intracolonial variation in chemical defenses of the sponge Cacospongia sp. and its consequences on generalist fish predators and the specialist nudibranch predator Glossodoris pallida, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 168:187-196

Cronin, Greg, Paul, Valerie J., Hay, Mark E. and Fenical, William. 1997. Are tropical herbivores more resistant than temperate herbivores to seaweed chemical defenses? Diterpenoid metabolites from Dictyota acutiloba as feeding deterrents for tropical versus temperate fishes and urchins, Journal of Chemical Ecology, 23(2):289-302

Avila, Conxita and Paul, Valerie J. 1997. Chemical ecology of the nudibranch Glossodoris pallida: is the location of diet-derived metabolites important for defense?, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 150(1-3):171-180

Paul, Valerie J., Seo, Youngwan, Cho, Ki Woong, Rho, Jung Rae, Shin, Jongheon and Bergquist, Patricia R. 1997. Sesquiterpenoids of the drimane class from a sponge of the genus Dysidea, Journal of Natural Products, 60(11):1115-1120

Thacker, Robert W., Nagle, Dale G. and Paul, Valerie J. 1997. Effects of repeated exposures to marine cyanobacterial secondary metabolites on feeding by juvenile rabbitfish and parrotfish, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 147(1-3):21-29

Pitlik, Todd J. and Paul, Valerie J. 1997. Effects of toughness, calcite level, and chemistry of crustose coralline algae (Rhodophyta, Corallinales) on grazing by the parrotfish Chlorurus sordidus, Proceedings of the 8th International Coral Reef Symposium, (1):701-706

Pennings, Steven C., Puglisi, Melany P., Pitlik, Todd J., Himaya, Amalia C. and Paul, Valerie J. 1996. Effects of secondary metabolites and CaCO3 on feeding by surgeonfishes and parrotfishes: within-plant comparisons, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 134(1-3):49-58

Lumbang, Wilfred A. and Paul, Valerie J. 1996. Chemical defenses of the tropical green seaweed Neomeris annulata Dickie: effects of multiple compounds on feeding by herbivores, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 201(1-2):185-195

Kerr, Jo N. Q. and Paul, Valerie J. 1995. Animal-plant defense association: the soft coral Sinularia sp. (Cnidaria, Alcyonacea) protects Halimeda spp. from herbivory, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 186(2):183-205

Pennings, Steven C., Pablo, Sonia R., Paul, Valerie J. and Duffy, James Emmett. 1994. Effects of sponge secondary metabolites in different diets on feeding by three groups of consumers, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 180(1):137-149

Schupp, Peter J. and Paul, Valerie J. 1994. Calcium carbonate and secondary metabolites in tropical seaweeds: variable effects on herbivorous fishes, Ecology Washington D C, 75(4):1172-1185

Van Alstyne, Kathryn L., Wylie, Chad R. and Paul, Valerie J. 1994. Antipredator defenses in tropical Pacific soft corals (Coelenterata: Alcyonacea). 2. The relative importance of chemical and structural defenses in three species of Sinularia, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 178(1):17-34

Sonoda, Kazuhiro and Paul, Valerie J. 1993. Effect of stony corals extracts on feeding by Acanthaster planci, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 102(1-2):161-168

Pennings, Steven C. and Paul, Valerie J. 1993. Secondary chemistry does not limit dietary range of the specialist sea hare Stylocheilus longicauda (Quoy et Gaimard 1824), Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 174(1):97-113

Mayer, A. M. S., Paul, Valerie J., Fenical, W., Norris, James N., de Carvalho, M. S. and Jacobs, R. J. 1993. Phospholipase A2 inhibitors from marine algae, Hydrobiologia, 260/261:521-529

Pennings, Steven C. and Paul, Valerie J. 1992. Effect of plant toughness, calcification, and chemistry on herbivory by Dolabella auricularia, Ecology Washington D C, 73(5):1606-1619

Paul, Valerie J., Littler, Mark M., Littler, Diane S. and Fenical, William. 1987. Evidence for chemical defense in the tropical green alga Caulerpa ashmeadii (Caulerpaceae: Chlorophyta): isolation of new bioactive sesquiterpenoids, Journal of Chemical Ecology, 13(5):1171-1185

Bittner, Magalis L., Silva, Mario, Paul, Valerie J. and Fenical, William. 1985. A rearranged chamigrene derivative and its potential biogenetic precursor from a new species of the marine red algal genus Laurencia (Rhodomelaceae), Phytochemistry, 24(5):987-989

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