Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce

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Division Coniferophyta to Division Magnoliopsida, Order Caryophyllales

CLASS ORDER FAMILY GENUS/SPECIES COMMON NAME
Coniferophyta Caryophyllales Nyctaginaceae Pisonia aculeata

Devil's Claw

Coniferophyta Pinales Pinaceae Pinus clausa

Sand Pine

Coniferophyta Pinales Pinaceae Pinus elliottii

Slash Pine

Coniferophyta Pinales Pinaceae Pinus elliottii var. densa

South Florida Slash Pine

Filicopsida Hydropteridales Salviniaceae Salvinia minima 
*Non-native*

Water Fern

Filicopsida Marattiales Osmundaceae Osmunda regalis

Royal Fern

Filicopsida Marattiales Polypodiaceae Blechnum serrulatum

Saltwart

Filicopsida Marattiales Polypodiaceae Phlebodium aureum

Golden Polypody

Filicopsida Marattiales Polypodiaceae Woodwardia virginica

Virginia Chain Fern

Filicopsida Marattiales Pteridaceae Acrostichum danaeifolium

Giant Leather Fern

Filicopsida Marattiales Pteridaceae Pteris vittata 
*Non-native*

Ladder Brake

Filicopsida Marattiales Pteridaceae Pteridium aquilinum

Bracken

Filicopsida Marattiales Vittariaceae Vittaria lineata

Shoestring Fern

Filicopsida Polypodiales Dryopteridaceae Nephrolepis cordifolia
*Non-native*

Boston Fern

Filicopsida Polypodiales Dryopteridaceae Nephrolepis exaltata

Narrow Swordfern, Boston Fern

Filicopsida Polypodiales Dryopteridaceae Tectaria incisa 
*Non-native*

Incised Halberd Fern

Filicopsida Polypodiales Lygodiaceae Lygodium japonicum
*Non-native*

Japanese Climbing Fern

Filicopsida Polypodiales Lygodiaceae Lygodium microphyllum
*Non-native*

Old World Climbing Fern

Filicopsida Polypodiales Osmundaceae Osmunda cinnamomea

Cinnamon Fern

Filicopsida Polypodiales Polypodiaceae Polypodium polypodiodes

Resurrection Fern

Filicopsida Polypodiales Pteridaceae Acrostichum aureum

Golden leather fern

Filicopsida Polypodiales Pteridaceae Acrostichum danaeifolium

Giant leather fern

Liliopsida Alismatales Alismataceae Sagittaria lancifolia

Bulltongue Arrowhead

Liliopsida Alismatales Limnocharitaceae Nymphoides cristata
*Non-native*

Crested Floating Heart

Liliopsida Amaryllidales Amaryllidaceae Crinum americanum

String-lily

Liliopsida Arales Araceae Colocasia esculenta 
*Non-native*

Wild Taro

Liliopsida Arales Araceae Epipremnum pinnatum
*Non-native*

Centipede Tongavine

Liliopsida Arales Araceae Syngonium podophyllum
*Non-native*

American Evergreen

Liliopsida Arales Araceae Xanthosoma sagittifolium
*Non-native*

Arrowleaf Elephant's Ear

Liliopsida Arecales Arecaceae Phoenix reclinata 
*Non-native*

Senegal Date Palm

Liliopsida Arecales Arecaceae Sabal etonia

Scrub Palmetto

Liliopsida Arecales Arecaceae Sabal palmetto

Cabbage Palm

Liliopsida Arecales Arecaceae Serenoa repens

Saw Palmetto

Liliopsida Bromeliales Bromeliaceae Tillandsia balbisiana

Northern Needleleaf

Liliopsida Bromeliales Bromeliaceae Tillandsia fasciculata

Giant Air Plant

Liliopsida Bromeliales Bromeliaceae Tillandsia paucifolia

Potbelly Air Plant

Liliopsida Bromeliales Bromeliaceae Tillandsia recurvata

Ball-moss

Liliopsida Bromeliales Bromeliaceae Tillandsia setacea

Wild Pine

Liliopsida Bromeliales Bromeliaceae Tillandsia simulata

Wild Pine

Liliopsida Bromeliales Bromeliaceae Tillandsia usneoides

Spanish Moss

Liliopsida Bromeliales Bromeliaceae Tillandsia utriculata

Wild Pine

Liliopsida Commelinales Commelinaceae Callisia fragrans
*Non-native*

Basketplant

Liliopsida Commelinales Commelinaceae Tradescantia fluminensis
*Non-native*

Small-Leaf Spiderwort

Liliopsida Commelinales Commelinaceae Tradescantia spathacea
*Non-native*

Boatlily

Liliopsida Cyperales Cyperaceae Cladium jamaicense

Sawgrass

Liliopsida Cyperales Cyperaceae Cyperus esculentus

Yellow Nutgrass

Liliopsida Cyperales Cyperaceae Cyperus involucratus
*Non-native*

Umbrella Plant

Liliopsida Cyperales Cyperaceae Cyperus odoratus

Rusty Flatsedge

Liliopsida Cyperales Cyperaceae Fimbristylis caroliniana

Carolina Fimbry

Liliopsida Cyperales Cyperaceae Fimbristylis castanea

Marsh Fimbry

Liliopsida Cyperales Cyperaceae Fimbristylis spathacea
*Cryptogenic*

Hurricanegrass

Liliopsida Cyperales Cyperaceae Fuirena breviseta

Umbrellagrass

Liliopsida Cyperales Cyperaceae Remirea maritima

Beachstar, West Indian Sedge

Liliopsida Cyperales Cyperaceae Rhynchospora megalocarpa

Sandy Field Beaksedge

Liliopsida Cyperales Cyperaceae Rhynchospora spp.

Beaksedge

Liliopsida Cyperales Cyperaceae Scirpus robustus

Salt Marsh Bulrush

Liliopsida Cyperales Cyperaceae Scleria lacustris 
*Non-native*

Lakeshore Nutrush

Liliopsida Cyperales Cyperaceae Scleria reticularis

Netted Nutrush

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Andropogon glomeratus

Bushy Bluestem

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Andropogon spp.

Bluestems

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Andropogon virginicus

Broomsedge, Broomsedge Bluestem, Yellow Bluestem

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Aristida stricta

Wiregrass

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Cenchrus tribuloides

Sanddune Sandburr

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Cynodon dactylon 
*Non-native*

Bermudagrass

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Distichlis spicata

Saltgrass

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Echinochloa walteri

Coast Cockspur

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Erianthus giganteus

Sugarcane Plumegrass

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Eriochloa michauxii

Longleaf Cupgrass

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Hemarthria altissima
*Non-native*

Limpograss

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Hymenachne amplexicaulis
*Non-native*

West Indian Marsh Grass

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Imperata cylindrica
*Non-native*

Cogongrass

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Leptochloa fascicularis

Bearded Spangletop

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Melinis repens 
*Non-native*

Rose Natal Grass

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Monanthochloe littoralis

Shoregrass

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Muhlenbergia capillaris

Muhly Grass; Hairawn Muhly

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Neyraudia reynaudiana
*Non-native*

Silkreed

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Panicum amarum

Beachgrass

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Panicum repens
*Non-native*

Torpedo Grass

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Panicum rigidulum

Redtop Panicum

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Panicum spp.

Panicum, Panicumgrass

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Paspalum distichum

Seashore Paspulum

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Paspalum vaginatum

Jointgrass

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Pennisetum purpureum
*Non-native*

Elephant Grass

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Pennisetum setaceum
*Non-native*

Crimson Fountaingrass

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Polypogon monspeliensis
*Non-native*

Rabbit-Foot Grass

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Sacciolepis striata

American Cupscale

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Setaria geniculata

Knotroot Foxtail

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Setaria magna

Giant Bristlegrass

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Spartina alternifolia

Smooth Cordgrass

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Spartina bakeri

Sand Cordgrass

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Spartina patens

Salt Meadow Cordgrass

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Sporobolus junceus

Pineywoods Dropseed

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Sporobolus virginicus

Seashore Dropseed

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Uniola paniculata

Seaoats

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Urochloa maxima
*Non-native*

Guineagrass

Liliopsida Cyperales Poaceae Urochloa mutica
*Non-native*

Para Grass

Liliopsida Eriocaulales Eriocaulaceae Eriocaulon sp.

Pipewort

Liliopsida Hydrocharitales Hydrocharitaceae Hydrilla verticillata
*Non-native*

Hydrilla

Liliopsida Liliales Agavaceae Agave decipiens Baker

Agave, False Sisal

Liliopsida Liliales Agavaceae Agave sisalana 
*Non-native*

Sisal

Liliopsida Liliales Agavaceae Sansevieria hyacinthoides
*Non-native*

Iguanatail; African Bowstring Hemp

Liliopsida Liliales Agavaceae Yucca aloifolia

Spanish Bayonet

Liliopsida Liliales Agavaceae Dioscorea alata
*Non-native*

Winged Yam

Liliopsida Liliales Agavaceae Dioscorea bulbifera
*Non-native*

Air Potato

Liliopsida Liliales Iridaceae Sisyrinchium solstitiale

Jeweled Blue-eyed Grass

Liliopsida Liliales Juncaceae Juncus roemerianus

Black Needle Rush

Liliopsida Liliales Liliaceae Asparagus densiflorus
*Non-native*

Sprenger's Asparagus Fern

Liliopsida Liliales Liliaceae Hymenocallis latifolia

Spiderlily

Liliopsida Liliales Pontederiaceae Eichhornia crassipes
*Non-native*

Water Hyacinth

Liliopsida Liliales Smilacaceae Smilax laurifolia

Cat Brier

Liliopsida Liliales Smilacaceae Smilax sp.

Catbriers

Liliopsida Najadales Cymodoceaceae Halodule wrightii

Shoal Grass

Liliopsida Najadales Cymodoceaceae Syringodium filiformis

Manatee Grass

Liliopsida Najadales Hydrocharitaceae Halophila decipiens

Caribbean Seagrass

Liliopsida Najadales Hydrocharitaceae Halophila engelmanii

Engelman's seagrass

Liliopsida Najadales Hydrocharitaceae Halophila johnsonii

Johnson's Seagrass

Liliopsida Najadales Hydrocharitaceae Thalassia testudinum

Turtle Grass

Liliopsida Najadales Ruppiaceae Ruppia maritima

Widgeon Grass

Liliopsida Orchidales Orchidaceae Encyclia tampensis

Butterfly Orchid

Liliopsida Pandanales Typhaceae Typha domingensis

Southern Cattail

Liliopsida Pandanales Typhaceae Typha latifolia

Common Cattail

Lycopodiopsida Selaginellales Selaginellaceae Selaginella arenicola

Sand Spikemoss

Magnoliopsida Apiales Apiaceae Centella asiatica

Coinwort

Magnoliopsida Apiales Apiaceae Hudrocotyle bonariensis

Seaside Pennywort

Magnoliopsida Apiales Araliaceae Schefflera actinophylla
*Non-native*

Octopus Tree

Magnoliopsida Arales Araceae Pistia stratiotes 
*Non-native*

Water Lettuce

Magnoliopsida Aristolochiales Aristolochiaceae Aristolochia elegans 
*Non-native*

Elegant Dutchman's Pipe

Magnoliopsida Asterales Asteraceae Ambrosia artemisiifolia

Common Ragweed

Magnoliopsida Asterales Asteraceae Aster carolinianus

Climbing Aster

Magnoliopsida Asterales Asteraceae Aster reticulatus

Pinebarren Whitetop Aster

Magnoliopsida Asterales Asteraceae Aster subulatus

Annual Saltmarsh Aster

Magnoliopsida Asterales Asteraceae Aster tenuifolius

Saline Aster

Magnoliopsida Asterales Asteraceae Baccharis angustifolia

Saltwater False-willow

Magnoliopsida Asterales Asteraceae Baccharis glomeruliflora

Silverling

Magnoliopsida Asterales Asteraceae Baccharis halimifolia

Groundsel Tree

Magnoliopsida Asterales Asteraceae Bidens mitis

Beggar-ticks

Magnoliopsida Asterales Asteraceae Borrichia frutescens

Sea Oxeye

Magnoliopsida Asterales Asteraceae Chrysopsis scabrella

Coastalplain Goldenaster

Magnoliopsida Asterales Asteraceae Erechtites hieracifolia

Fireweed

Magnoliopsida Asterales Asteraceae Eupatorium capillifolium

Dog Fennel

Magnoliopsida Asterales Asteraceae Eupatorium mikanioides

Semaphore Throughwort

Magnoliopsida Asterales Asteraceae Eupatorium serotinum

Late-flowering Throughwort

Magnoliopsida Asterales Asteraceae Flaveria linearis

Narrow Leaf Yellowtops

Magnoliopsida Asterales Asteraceae Gaillardia pulchella Firewheel
Magnoliopsida Asterales Asteraceae Helianthus debilis 

Beach Sunflower, Cucumberleaf Sunflower

Magnoliopsida Asterales Asteraceae Heterotheca subaxillaris

Camphorweed, Golden Aster

Magnoliopsida Asterales Asteraceae Iva frutescens

Marsh Elder

Magnoliopsida Asterales Asteraceae Iva imbricata

Seacoast Marshelder

Magnoliopsida Asterales Asteraceae Mikania cordifolia

Florida Keys Hampvine

Magnoliopsida Asterales Asteraceae Mikania scandens

Climbing Hempvine

Magnoliopsida Asterales Asteraceae Palafoxia feayi

Feay's Palafox

Magnoliopsida Asterales Asteraceae Pityopsis graminifolia 

Narrowleaf Silkgrass

Magnoliopsida Asterales Asteraceae Pluchea odorata

Saltmarsh Fleabane

Magnoliopsida Asterales Asteraceae Pluchea rosea

Rosy Camphorweed

Magnoliopsida Asterales Asteraceae Senecio glabellus

Butterweed

Magnoliopsida Asterales Asteraceae Solidago sempervirens

Seaside Goldenrod

Magnoliopsida Asterales Asteraceae Sphagneticola trilobata
*Non-native*

Bay Biscayne Creeping-Oxeye

Magnoliopsida Asterales Asteraceae Verbesina virginica

White Crownbeard, Frostweed

Magnoliopsida Batales Batidaceae Batis maritima

Saltwort

Magnoliopsida Campanulales Goodeniaceae Scaevola plumieri

Beach Berry, Gullfeed

Magnoliopsida Campanulales Goodeniaceae Scaevola sericea 
*Non-native*

Beach Naupaka

Magnoliopsida Capparales Brassicaceae Cakile lanceolata

Sea Rocket

Magnoliopsida Capparales Brassicaceae Warea carteri

Carter's Mustard

Magnoliopsida Caryophyllales Aizoaceae Sesuvium maritimum

Sea Purslane

Magnoliopsida Caryophyllales Aizoaceae Sesuvium portulacastrum

Sea Purslane

Magnoliopsida Caryophyllales Amaranthaceae Alternanthera lavescens

Yellow Joyweed

Magnoliopsida Caryophyllales Amaranthaceae Alternanthera philoxeroide
*Non-native*

Alligatorweed

Magnoliopsida Caryophyllales Amaranthaceae Amaranthus australis

Southern Water Hemp

Magnoliopsida Caryophyllales Amaranthaceae Philoxerus vermicularis

Siverhead

Magnoliopsida Caryophyllales Cactaceae Opuntia stricta

Prickly Pear, Erect Pricklypear

Magnoliopsida Caryophyllales Chenopodiaceae Atriplex cristata

Crested Saltbush

Magnoliopsida Caryophyllales Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium ambrosioides
*Non-native*

Mexican Tea

Magnoliopsida Caryophyllales Chenopodiaceae Salicornia bigelowii

Annual Glasswort

Magnoliopsida Caryophyllales Chenopodiaceae Salicornia virginica

Perrenial Glasswort

Magnoliopsida Caryophyllales Chenopodiaceae Salsola kali

Saltwort

Magnoliopsida Caryophyllales Chenopodiaceae Sarcocornia perennis

Chickenclaws

Magnoliopsida Caryophyllales Chenopodiaceae Suaeda linearis

Sea Blite

Magnoliopsida Caryophyllales Chenopodiaceae Suaeda maritima

Sea Blite, Herbaceous Seepweed

Magnoliopsida Caryophyllales Nyctaginaceae Okenia hypogea

Burowing Four o'clock, Mexican Beach Peanut

Magnoliopsida Caryophyllales Phytolaccaceae Rivina humilis

Rougeplant, Bloodberry Rougeplant

Magnoliopsida Caryophyllales Portulacaceae Portulaca pilosa

Pink Purslane

 

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