Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce

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The Smithsonian Marine Station is dedicated to the increase and diffusion of knowledge in the marine sciences. Over 800 scientific publications have come from the research at the Station. Most of these contributions have been reports in scientific journals, but they also include a superbly illustrated key to the algae and marine plants of Florida and the Caribbean, a book on the Submersed Plants of the Indian River Lagoon, an educational video on meiofauna, and a handbook on the echinoderms of Florida and the Caribbean which includes over 130 color photos. Work at the Marine Station has been featured in Discover, Popular Science and Smithsonian magazines, as well as on network and public television both in the US and abroad.

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Publication List (alphabetized by first author)

Abbott, Bernard C., Raymond B. Manning, and Helga Schiff. 1984. An Attempt to Correlate Pseudopupil Sizes in Stomatopod Crustaceans with Ambient Light Conditions and Behavior Patterns. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 78A(3): 419-426.

Abed, Raeid M. M., Sergey Dobretsov, Marwan Al-Fori, Sarath P. Gunasekera, Kumar Sudesh and Valerie J. Paul. 2013. Quorum-sensing inhibitory compounds from extremophilic microorganisms isolated from a hypersaline cyanobacterial mat. Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology, 40(7): 759-772.

Adachi, Naoko and Keiji Wada.  1999. Distribution in Relation to Life History in the Direct Developing Gastropod Batillaria Cumingi (Batillariidae) on Two Shores of Contrasting Substrata. Journal of Molecular Studies, 65: 275-287.

Adamkewicz, S. Laura and M. G. Harasewych. 1997. Systematics and Biogeography of the Genus Donax (Bivalvia: Donacidae) in Eastern North America. American Malacological Bulletin, 13(1/2): 97-103.

Adamkewicz, S. Laura, M. G. Harasewych, Judith Blake, Deborah Saudek, and Carol J. Bult. 1997. A Molecular Phylogeny of the Bivalve Mollusks. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 14(6): 619-629.

Ahyong, Shane T. and Raymond B. Manning. 1998. Two New Species of Erugosquilla from the Indo-West Pacific (Crustacea: Stomatopoda: Squillidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 111(3): 653-662.

Alvarez, Fernando. 1993. The Interaction between a Parasitic Barnacle Loxophylacus panopaei (Cirripedia, Rhizocephalla) and Three of its Crab Host Species (Brachyura, Xanthidae) along the East Coast of North America. University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland. Ph.D.Dissertation, 188pp.

Andrade, Sonia C. S., Malin Strand, Megan Schwartz, Haixia Chen, Hiroshi Kajihara, Jorn von Dohren, Shichun Sun, Juan Junoy, Martin Thiel, Jon L. Norenburg, James M. Turbeville, Gonzalo Giribet and Per Sundberg. 2011. Disentangling ribbon worm relationships: multi-locus analysis supports traditional classification of the phylum Nemertea. Cladistics 28:141-159.

Andryszak, Bryan L. and Robert H. Gore. 1981. The Complete Larval Development in the Laboratory of Micropanope sculptipes (Crustacea, Decapoda, Xanthidae) with a Comparison of Larval Characters in Western Atlantic Xanthid Genera. Fishery Bulletin, 79(3): 487-506.

Anker, Arthur and Darryl L. Felder. 2005. Description of Coutieralpheus setirostris, New Genus, New Species, an Infaunal Alpheid Shrimp (Crustacea, Decapoda) from Florida, USA Crustacean Research, 34: 40-52.

Anker, Arthur, Juan Antonio Baeza, and Sammy De Grave. 2009. A new species of Lysmata (Crustacea, Decapoda, Hippoltytidae) from the pacific coast of Panama, with observations of its reproductive biology. Zoological Studies, 48(5): 682-692.

Anker, Arthur, and J. Antonio Baeza. 2012. Molecular and morphological phylogeny of hooded shrimps, genera Betaeopsis (Decapoda, Alphaedae): Testing the center of origin biogeographic model and evolution of life history traits. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 64:401-415.

Ardila, Nestor E. and M. G. Harasewych. 2005. Cocculinid and Pseudococculinid Limpets (Gastropoda: Cocculiniformia) from off the Caribbean Coast of Columbia. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 118(2): 344-366.

Arthur, K.E. and G.H. Balazs. 2008. A comparison of immature green turtles' (Chelonia mydas) diets among seven sites in the main Hawaiian islands. Pac.Sci. 62(2): 205-217.

Arthur, Karen E., Judith M. O’Neil, Colin J. Limpus, Kyler Abernathy, and Greg J. Marshall. 2008. Using animal-borne imaging to assess green turgle (Chelonia mydas) foraging ecology in Moreton Bay, Australia. Marine Technology Society Journal, 41(4): 9-13.

Arthur, Karen E., Valerie J. Paul, Hans W. Paerl, Judith M. O’Neil, Jennifer Joyner, and Theresa Meickle. 2009. Effects of nutrient enrichment of the cyanobacterium Lyngbya sp.on growth, secondary metabolite concentration and feeding by the specialist grazer Stylocheilus striatus. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 394: 101-110.

Atherton, Sarah and Rick Hochberg. 2012. Acanthodasys paurocactus sp. nov., a new species of Thaumastodermatidae (Gastrotricha, Macrodasyida) with multiple scale types from Capron Shoal, Florida. Zookeys 190:81-94.

Atherton, Sarah and Rick Hochberg. 2012. Tetranchyroderma bronchostylus sp. nov., the first known gastrotrich (Gastrotricha) with a sclerotic caudal organ. Marine Biology Research 8 (9):885-892.

Avent, Robert M. Marian E. King and Robert H. Gore. 1977. Topographic and Faunal Studies of Shelf-Edge Prominences off the Central Eastern Florida Coast. Internationale Revue der Gesamten Hydrobiologie, 62(2): 185-208.

Baeza, J. Antonio. 2007. No effect of group size on sex allocation in a protandric-simultaneous hermaphroditic shrimp. Journal of Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 87: 1169-1174.

Baeza, J. Antonio. 2009. Protandric simultaneous hermaphroditism is a conserved trait in Lysmata (Caridea: Lysmatidae): Implications for the evolution of hermaphroditism in the genus. IN: Proceedings of the Marine Science Symposium: Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences, Number 38, 95-110.

Baeza, J. Antonio, Juan A. Bolanos, Jesus E. Hernandez & Regulo Lopez. 2009. A new species of Lysmata (Crustacea, Decapoda, Hippolytidae) from Venezuela, southeastern Caribbean Sea. Zootaxa, 2240: 60-68.

Baeza, J. Antonio, Christoph D. Schubart, Petra Zillner, Soledad Fuentes, and Raymond T. Bauer. 2009. Molecular phylogeny of shrimps from the genus Lysmata (Caridea: Hippolytidae): the evolutionary origins of protandric simultaneous hermaphroditism and docial monogamy. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 96: 415-424.

Baeza, J. Antonio.  2010.  Molecular systematic of peppermint and cleaner shrimps: phylogeny and taxonomy of the genera Lysmata and Exhippolysmata (Crustacea: Caridea: Hippolytidae).  Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 160: 254-265.

Baeza, J. Antonio. 2010. Observations on the Sexual System and the Natural History of the Semi-Terrestrial Shrimp Merguia rhizophorae. Invertebrate Biology, 129: 266-276.

Baeza, J. Antonio. 2010. The symbiotic lifestyle and its evolutionary consequences: social monogamy and sex allocation in the hermaphroditic shrimp Lysmata pederseni, Springler Verlag, Naturwissenschaften, 97: 729-741.

Baeza, J. Antonio, Juan A. Bolanos, Soledad Fuentes, Jesus E. Hernandez, Carlos Lira and Regulo Lopez. 2010. Molecular phylogeny of enigmatic Caribbean spider crabs from the Mithrax – Mithraculus species complex (Brachyura: Majidae: Mithracinae): ecological diversity and a formal test of genera monophyly. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 90(4): 851-858.

Baeza, J.A., A.A. Braga, L.S. Lopez-Greco, E. Perez, M.L. Negreiros-Fransozo and A. Fransozo. 2010. Poplulation Dynamics, Sex Ratio, and Size at Sex Change in a Protandric Simultaneous Hermaphrodite, the Spiny Shrimp Exhippolysmata oplophoroides. Marine Biology, 157: 2643-2653.

Baeza, J.A., N.E. Farias, T.A. Luppi, E.D. Spivak. 2010. Refuge size, group living and symbiosis: testing the “resource economic monopolization” hypothesis with the shrimp Betaeus lilianae and description of its partnership with the crab Platyxanthus crenulatus. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 389: 85-92.

Baeza, J.A. and C. Piantoni. 2010. Sexual System, Sex Ratio, and Group Living in the Shrimp Thor amboinensis (De Man): Relevance to Resource-Monopolization and Sex-Allocation Theories. Biological Bulletin 219: 151-165.

Baeza, J. Antonio, Juan A. Bolanos, Jesus E. Hernandez, Carlos Lira, Regulo Lopez.  2011.  Monogamy does not last long in Pontonia Mexicana, a symbiotic shrimp of the amber pen-shell Pinna carnea from the southeastern Caribbean Sea.  Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 407: 41-47.

Baeza, J. Antonio 2013. Multi-locus molecular phylogeny of broken-back shrimps (genus Lysmata and allies): a test of the 'Tomlinson-Ghiselin' hypothesis explaining the evolution of simultaneous hermaphroditism. Molecular Evolution and Phylogenetics 69: 46–62.

Baeza, J. Antonio, Michele Forlan, Arladine C. Almeida, Samara de Paiva Barros-Alves, Douglas F.R. Alves, and Vivian Fransozo. 2013. Population dynamics and reproductive traits of the ornamental crab Porcellana sayana: implications for fishery management and aquaculture. Sexuality and Early Development of Aquatic Organisms. 1: 1–12. DOI: 10.3354/sedao00002 

Baldwin, Carole C., Lee A. Weigt, David G. Smith, and Julie H. Mounts. 2009. Reconciling genetic lineages with species in western Atlantic Coryphopterus (Teleostei: Gobiidae). IN: Proceedings of the Smithsonian Marine Science Symposium: Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences, Number 38, 111-138.

Baldwin, Carole C., Balam J. Brito, David G. Smith, Lee A. Weigt & Elva Escobar-Briones. 2011. Identification of early life-history stages of Caribbean Apogon (Perciformes: Apogonidae) through DNA Barcoding. Zootaxa 3133:1-36.

Baldwin, Carole C., Cristina I. Castillo, Lee A. Weigt, and Benjamin C. Victor.  2011.  Seven new species within western Atlantic Starksia atlantica, S. lepicoelia, and S. sluiteri (Teleostei: Labrisomidae), with comments on congruence of DNA barcodes and species.  Zookeys, 79: 21-72.

Baldwin, Carole C. and Lee A. Weigt. 2012. A new species of soapfish (Teleostei: Serranidae: Rypticus), with redescription of R. subbifrenatus and comments on the use of DNA barcoding in systematic studies. Copeia 1:23-36.

Ballantine, David. L. and James N. Norris. 1994. Verdigellas, A New Deep-Water Genus (Tetrasporales, Chlorophyta) From the tropical Western Atlantic. Cryptogamic Botany, 4: 368-372.

Balser, Elizabeth J. and Edward E. Ruppert. 1993. Ultrastructure of Axial Vascular and Coelomic Organs in Comasterid Featherstars (Echinodermata: Crinoidea). Acta Zoologica (Stockholm), 74(2): 87-101.

Balser, Elizabeth J., Edward E. Ruppert, and William J. Jaeckle. 1993. Ultrastructure of the Coeloms of Auricularia Larvae (Holothuroidea: Echinodermata): Evidence for the Presence of an Axocoel. Biological Bulletin, 185: 86-96.

Balser, Elizabeth J. 1998. Cloning by Ophiuroid Echinoderm Larvae. Biological Bulletin, 194: 187-193.

Balser, Elizabeth J. and William B. Jaeckle. 2001. And Then There Were Two: Cloning in Sea Star Larvae. Natural History, March 2001, 54-63.

Balser, Elizabeth J. 2002. Phylum Echinodermata: Crinoidea, Chapter 24. IN: Atlas of Marine Invertebrate Larvae. Editors, Craig M. Young, Mary A. Sewell, and Mary E. Rice. Academic Press, 463-482.

Banta, William C. and Mary E. Rice. 1976. A restudy of the middle Cambrian Burgess shale fossil worm, Ottoia prolifica. IN: Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Biology of the Sipuncula and Echiura, II: 79-90. Editors, M. E. Rice and M. Todorovic, Nauno Delo Press, Belgrade, Yugoslavia.

Barnard, J. L., J. D. Thomas and Kjell B. Sandved. 1988. Behavior of Gammaridean Amphipoda: Corophium, Grandidierella, Podocerus, and Gibberosus (American Megaluropus) in Florida. Crustaceana, Supplement 13: 234-244.

Barnard, J. L., K. Sandved, & J. D. Thomas. 1991. Tube-building behavior of Grandidierella, and two species of Cerapus. IN: l. Watling (ed.), VIIth International Colloquium on Amphipoda. Hydrobiologia 223: 239-254.

Becerro, Mikel A. and Valerie J. Paul. 2004. Effects of depth and light on secondary metabolites and cyanobacterial symbionts of the sponge Dysidea granulosa. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 280: 115-128.

Becerro, Mikel A., John A. Starmer, and Valerie J. Paul. 2006. Chemical defenses of cryptic and aposematic gastropterid molluscs feeding on their host sponge Dysidea granulosa. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 32:1491-1500.

Becerro, Mikel A., Victor Bonito, Valerie Paul. 2006. Effects of monsoon-driven wave action on coral reefs on Guam and implications for coral recruitment. Coral Reefs, 25: 193-199.

Berke, Sarah K., Veronica Cruz, and Richard W. Osman. 2009. Sublethal predation and regeneration in two onuphid polychaetes: patterns and implications. Biological Bulletin 217: 242-252.

Berke, Sarah K. 2012. Biogeographic variability in ecosystems engineering: patterns in the abundance and behavior of the tube-building polychaete Diopatra cuprea. Marine Ecology Progress Series 447:1-13.

Bieler, Rüdiger. 1987. Die Gattungen der Architectonicidae (Gastropoda: Allogastropoda). Teil 4: Heliacus (Pyrgoheliacus) n. subgen. und Architectonica (Adelphotectonica) n. subgen. Archiv fr Molluskenkunde, Frankfurt, 117(4/6): 203-215.

Bieler, Rüdiger. 1988. Phylogenetic relationships in the gastropod family Architectonicidae, with notes on the family Mathildidae (Allogastropoda). Malacological Review, Supplement 4: 205-240.

Bieler, Rüdiger and Paula M. Mikkelsen. 1988. Anatomy and Reproductive Biology of Two Western Atlantic Species of Vitrinellidae, With a Case of Protandous Hermaphroditism in the Rissoacea. The Nautilus, 102(1): 1-29.

Bieler, Rüdiger and Michael G. Hadfield. 1990. Reproductive biology of sessile gastropod Vermicularia spirata (Cerithioidea: Turritellidae). Journal of Molluscan Studies, 56(2): 205-219.

Bieler, Rüdiger and Paula M. Mikkelsen. 1992. Preliminary phylogenetic analysis of the bivalve family Galeommatidae. American Malacological Bulletin, 9(2): 157-164.

Bieler, Rüdiger. 1995. Mathildidae from New Caledonia and the Loyalty Islands (Mollusca:Gastropoda:Heterobranchia). Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM, 14. Memoires du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, 167: 595-641.

Bieler, Rüdiger. 1995. Vermetid Gastropods from Sáo Miguel, Azores: Comparative Anatomy, Systematic Position and Biogeographic Affiliation. Açoreana, Supplement 1995: 173-192.

Bieler, Rüdiger. 1997. Stephopoma (Caenogastropoda: Siliquariidae) from the Houtman Abrolhos Islands, Western Australia. IN: The Marine Flora and Fauna of the Houtman Abrolhos, Western Australia. Editor, F. E. Wells. Western Australian Museum, Perth. pp. 255-280.

Bieler, Rüdiger, Alexander D. Ball, and Paula M. Mikkelsen. 1998. Marine Valvatoidea - Comments on Anatomy and Systematics with Description of a New Species from Florida (Heterobranchia: Cornirostridae). Malacologia, 40(1-2): 305-320.

Bieler, Rüdiger and Paula M. Mikkelsen. 1998. Ammonicera in Florida: Notes on the Smallest Living Gastropod in the United States and Comments on Other Species of Omalogyridae (Heterobranchia). The Nautilus, 111(1): 1-12.

Bieler, Rudiger, Isabella Kappner and Paula M. Mikkelson. 2004. Periglypta listeri (J. E. Gray, 1838) (Bivalvia: Veneridae) in the western Atlantic: taxonomy, anatomy, life habits, and distribution. Malacologia, 46(2): 427-458.

Bieler, Rudiger. 2004. Sanitation with sponge and plunger: western Atlantic slit-wormsnails (Mollusca: Caenogastropoda: Siliquariidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 140: 307-333.

Bittner, Magalis L., Mario Silva, Valerie J. Paul and William Fenical. 1985. A rearranged chamigrene derivative and its potential biogenetic precursor from a new species of the marine red algal genus Laurencia (Rhodomelaceae). Phytochemistry, 24(5):987-989.

Blair, Stephen M. and James N. Norris. 1988. The deep-water species of Halimeda Lamouroux (Halimedaceae, Chlorophyta) from San Salvador Island, Bahamas: species composition, distribution and depth records. Coral Reefs, 6: 227-236.

Bolanos, D. Marcela and Marian K. Litvaitis. 2009. Embryonic muscle development in direct and indirect developing marine flatworms (Platyhelminthes, Polycladida). Evolution & Development, 11(3): 290-301.

Bolanos, Juan A., Antonio Baeza, Jesus E. Hernandez, Carlos Lira and Regulo Lopez. 2011. Population dynamics and reproductive output of the non-indigenous crab Charybdis hellerii in the south-eastern Caribbean Sea. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 92 (3):469-474.

Borja, A. and B. G. Tunberg.  2011.  Assessing benthic health in stressed subtropical estuaries, eastern Florida, USA using AMBI and M-AMBI.  Ecological Indicators 11: 295-303.

Boucaud-Camou, Eve and Clyde F. E. Roper. 1995. Digestive Enzymes in Paralarval Cephalapods. Bulletin of Marine Science, 57(2): 313-327.

Boucaud-Camou, Eve and Clyde F. E. Roper. 1998. The Digestive System of Rhynchoteuthion Paralarvae (Cephalopoda: Ommastretidae). Bulletin of Marine Science, 62(1): 81-87.

Bracken, H. D., S. De Grave, and D. L. Felder. 2009. Phylogeny of the infraorder Caridea based on mitochondrial and nuclear genes (Crustacea: Decapoda). IN: Crustacean Issues: Decapod Crustacean Phylogenics, J. W. Martin, K. A. Crandall, and D. L. Felder (eds). Taylor and Francis/CRC Press: 281-305.

Brodie, J. and J. N. Norris. 1992. Life history and morphology of Liagora aff. ceranoides (Liagoraceae, Rhodophyta) from the Florida Keys. Phycologia, 31(5): 419-430.

Brodie, Juliet and James N. Norris. 1996. Life Histories and Morphology of Some Liagora Species (Liagoraceae, Rhodophyta) from the Florida Keys, USA. Nova Hedwigia, Beiheft, 112: 121-134.

Browne, William E., Steven H.D. Haddock, and Mark Q. Martindale. 2007. Phylogenetic analysis of lineage relationships among hyperiid amphipods as revealed by examination of the mitochondrial gene, cytochrome oxidase I (COI). Integrative and Comparative Biology, 47: 815-830.

Bucher, Katina E., James N. Norris, Mark M. Littler and Diane S. Littler. 1990. Marine Algae New to Florida, Including Trichosolen molassensis sp. nov. (Chlorophyta) and Diplothamnion jolyi var. ecellulare var. nov. (Rhodophyta). Cryptogamic Botany, 1: 295-307.

Bucher, K. E. and J. N. Norris. 1992. A new deep-water red alga, Titanophora submarina sp. nov. (Gymnophloeaceae, Gigartinales), from the Caribbean Sea. Phycologia, 31(2): 180-191.

Burke, Robert D. 1980. Development of pedicellariae in the pluteus larva of Lytechinus pictus (Echinodermata: Echinoidea). Canadian Journal of Zoology, 58(9): 1674-1682.

Burke, Robert D. 1980. Morphogenesis of the digestive tract of the pluteus larva of Strongylocentrotus purpuratus: shaping and bending. International Journal of Invertebrate Reproduction, 2: 13-21.

Burke, Robert D. 1980. Podial sensory receptors and the induction of metamorphosis in echinoids. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 47: 223-234.

Burke, Robert D. and F.S. Chia. 1980. Morphogenesis of the digestive tract of the pluteus larva of Strongylocentrotus purpuratus: sphincter formation. International Journal of Invertebrate Reproduction, 2: 1-12.

Burke, Robert D. 1982. Echinoid metamorphosis: retraction and resorption of larval tissues. IN: Echinoderms: Proceedings of the International Conference, Tampa Bay, pp. 513-518. Editor, John M. Lawrence, Balkema Press, Rotterdam.

Buzas, Martin A. 1977. Vertical distribution of foraminifera in the Indian River, Florida. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 7(3): 234- 237.

Buzas, Martin A. 1978. Community Unity? Patterns in molluscs and foraminifera. IN: Estuarine Interactions, pp. 173-190. Editor, M. L. Wiley, Academic Press, New York.

Buzas, Martin A. 1978. Foraminifera as prey for benthic deposit feeders: results of predator exclusion experiments. Journal of Marine Research, 36(4): 617-625.

Buzas, Martin A. and Karen J. Carle. 1979. Predators of foraminifera in the Indian River, Florida. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 9(4): 336-340.

Buzas, Martin A. 1982. Regulation of foraminiferal densities by predation in the Indian River, Florida. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 12(1): 66-71.

Buzas, Martin A. and Kenneth P. Severin. 1982. Distribution and Systematics of Foraminifera in the Indian River, Florida. Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences, 16: 1-73.

Buzas, Martin A., Stephen J. Culver and Lawrence B. Isham. 1985. A comparison of fourteen elphidiid (Foraminiferida) taxa. Journal of Paleontology, 59(5): 1075-1090.

Buzas, Martin A. 1989. The effect of quartz versus calcareous sand on the densities of living foraminifera. Micropaleontology, 35(2): 135-141.

Buzas, Martin A., Laurel S. Collins, Susan L. Richardson, and Kenneth Severin. 1989. Experiments on predation, substrate preference, and colonization of benthic foraminifera at the shelfbreak off the Ft. Pierce Inlet, Florida. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 19(2): 146-152.

Buzas, Martin A. 1990. Another Look at Confidence Limits for Species Proportions. Journal of Paleontology, 64(5): 842-843.

Buzas, Martin A. 1993. Colonization Rate of Foraminifera in the Indian River, Florida. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 23(3): 156-161.

Buzas, Martin A. and Kenneth P. Severin. 1993. Foraminiferal Densities and Pore Water Chemistry in the Indian River, Florida. Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences, Number 36: 1-38.

Buzas, Martin A. and Lee-Ann C. Hayek. 1998. SHE Analysis for Biofacies Identification. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 28(3): 233-239.

Buzas, Martin A. and Stephen J. Culver. 1999. Understanding regional species diversity through the log series distribution of occurrences. Diversity and Distributions, 5(5): 187-195.

Buzas, Martin A. and Lee-Ann C. Hayek. 2000. A Case for Long-Term Monitoring of the Indian River Lagoon, Florida: Foraminiferal Densities, 1977-1996. Bulletin of Marine Science, 67(2): 805-814.

Buzas, Martin A. and Stephen J. Culver. 2001. On the Relationship between Species Distribution-Abundance-Occurrence and Species Duration. Historical Biology, 15: 151-159.

Buzas, Martin A., Laurel S. Collins, and Stephen J. Culver.  2002.  Latitudinal difference in biodiversity caused by higher tropical rate of increase.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 99(12): 7841-7843.

Buzas, Martin A., Lee-Ann Hayek, Sherry A. Reed, and Jennifer A. Jett. 2002. Foraminiferal densities over five years in the Indian River Lagoon, Florida: a model of pulsating patches. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 32(1): 68-93.

Buzas, Martin A. and Stephen J. Culver. 2004. Time Components of Communities. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 34(1): 1-8.

Buzas, Martin A. and Lee-Ann C. Hayek. 2005. On richness and evenness within and between communities. Paleobiology, 31(2): 199-220.

Buzas, Martin A., Lee-Ann C. Hayek, and Stephen J. Culver. 2007. Community structure of benthic foraminifera in the Gulf of Mexico. Marine Micropaleontology, 65: 43-53.

Buzas, Martin A., Lee-Ann C. Hayek, B. W. Hayward, Hugh R. Grenfell, Ashwaq T. Sabaa. 2007. Biodiversity and community structure of deep-sea foraminifera around New Zealand. Deep-Sea Research Part 1: Oceanographic Research Papers, 54(9): 1641-1654.

Buzas, Martin A. and Stephen J. Culver. 2009. Geographic origin of species: the temperate-tropical interchange. Geology, 37(10): 879-881.

Byrne, Maria. 1984. Ultrastructural changes in the autotomy tissues of Eupentacta quinquesemita (Selenka) (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea) during evisceration. IN: Proceedings of the Fifth International Echinoderm Conference, Galway, 24-29 September, 1984, pp. 413-420. Editors, Brendan F. Keegan and Brendan D.S. O'Connor, A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Byrne, Maria. 1985. Evisceration behaviour and the seasonal incidence of evisceration in the holothurian Eupentacta quinquesemita (Selenka). Ophelia, 24(2): 75-90.

Byrne, Maria. 1985. The life history of the gastropod Thyonicola americana Tikasingh, endoparasitic in a seasonally eviscerating holothurian host. Ophelia, 24(2): 91-101.

Byrne, Maria. 1985. The mechanical properties of the autotomy tissues of the holothurian Eupentacta quinquesemita and the effects of certain physico-chemical agents. Journal of Experimental Biology, 117: 69-86.

Byrne, Maria. 1988. Evidence for endocytotic incorporation of nutrients from the haemal sinus by the oocytes of the brittlestar Ophiolepis paucispina IN: Proceedings of the Sixth International Echinoderm Conference. Editors, Robert D. Burke, Philip V. Mladenov, Philip Lambert, and Ronald L. Parsley. Victoria/23-28 August 1987.

Byrne, Maria and Gordon Hendler. 1988. Arm structures of ophiomyxid brittlestars (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea: Ophiomyxidae). IN: Proceedings of the Sixth International Echinoderm Conference. Editors, Robert D. Burke, Philip V. Mladenov, Philip Lambert, and Ronald L. Parsley. Victoria/23-28 August 1987.

Byrne, Maria. 1989. Ultrastructure of the Ovary and Oogenesis in the Ovoviviparous Ophiuroid Ophiolepis paucispina (Echinodermata). Biological Bulletin, 176: 79-95.

Byrne, M. 1991. Reproduction, development and population biology of the Caribbean ophiuroid Ophionereis olivacea, a protandric hermaphrodite that broods its young. Marine Biology, 111: 387-399.

Byrne, Maria. 1994. Chapter 5. Ophiuroidea. IN: Microscopic Anatomy of Invertebrates, Vol. XIV. Echinodermata. Editors, F. W. Harrison and G. S. Chia, Wiley-Liss, New York, 247-343.

Byrum, C. A. and E. E. Ruppert. 1994. The Ultrastructure and Functional Morphology of a Captaculum in Graptacme calamus (Mollusca, Scaphopoda). Acta Zoologica (Stockholm), 75(1): 37-46.

Caldwell, Roy L. and Raymond B. Manning. 2000. A new dwarf pseudosquillid of the genus Raoulserenea from French Polynesia (Crustacea: Stomatopoda). Zoosystema, 22(1): 101-105.

Campos, Ernesto and Raymond B. Manning. 1998. Pinnotheres malaguena Garth, 1948, a new member of the genus Fabia Dana, 1851 (Crustacea: Brachyura: Pinnotheridae. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 111(4): 912-915.

Campos, Ernesto and Raymond B. Manning. 2000. The identities of Pinnotheres nudus Holmes, 1895 and P. nudus sensu Weymouth, 1910 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Pinnotheridae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 113(3): 799-805.

Campos, Néstor H. and Rafael Lemaitre. 1994. A New Calcinus (Decapoda: Anomura: Diogenidae) from the Tropical Western Atlantic, and a Comparison with Other Species of the Genus from the Region. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 107(1): 137-150.

Capper, A. and V. J. Paul. 2008. Grazer interactions with four species of Lyngbya in southeast Florida. Harmful Algae, 7: 717-728.

Capper, Angela, Edwin Cruz-Rivera, Valerie J. Paul, and Ian R. Tibbetts. 2006. Chemical deterrence of a marine cyanobacterium against sympatric and non-sympatric consumers. Hydrobiologia, 553: 319-326.

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Freestone, Amy L., Richard W. Osman, Gregory M. Ruiz, and Mark E. Torchin. 2011.  Stronger predation in tropics shapes species richness patterns in marine communities.  Ecology, 92(4): 983-993.

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Gilchrist, Sandra L., Liberta E. Scotto and Robert H. Gore. 1983. Early zoeal stages of the semiterrestrial shrimp Merguia rhizophorae (Rathbun, 1900) cultured under laboratory conditions (Decapoda Natantia, Hippolytidae) with a discussion of characters in the larval genus Eretmocaris. Crustaceana, 45(3): 238-259.

Gillis, J.Andrew and Neil H. Shubin. 2009. The evolution of gnathostome development: insight from chondrichthyan embryology. Genesis, 47: 825-841.

Gillis, J. Andrew, Kate A. Rawlinson, Justin Bell, Warrick S. Lyon, Clare V. Baker, and Neil H. Shubin.  2011.  Holocephalan embryos provide evidence for gill and appendage reduction and opercular evolution in cartilaginous fishes.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108(4): 1507-1512.

Gilmore, R. Grant and Robert H. Gore. 1974. Observation on a sea urchin capturing a juvenile mullet. Florida Scientist, 37(1): 52-56.

Gonzales, Eric E., Maurijn van der Zee, Wim J.A.G. Dictus, and Jo van den Biggelaar. 2007. Brefeldin A or monensin inhibits the D quandrant organizer in the polychaete annelids Arctonoe vittata and Serpula columbiana. Evolution & Development, 9(5): 416-431.

Gonzales, Eric E., Maurijn van der Zee, Wim J.A.G. Dictus, and Jo van den Biggelaar. 2007. Brefeldin A or monensin inhibits the 3D organizer in gastropod, polyplacophoran, and scaphopod molluscs. Development, Genes, and Evolution, 217: 105-118.

Goodfriend, Glenn A., Michaele Kashgarian, and M. G. Harasewych. 1995. Use of aspartic acid racemization and post-bomb 14C to reconstruct growth rate and longevity of the deep-water slit shell Entemnotrochus adansonianus. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 59(6): 1125-1129.

Gore, Robert H. 1972. Larval characters and adult systematics in trans-panamanian porcellanid crabs (Crustacea: Anomura). American Zoologist, 12(4): 628.

Gore, Robert H. 1972. Zoogeographical aspects of decapod crustacea in the Indian River region of Florida. American Zoologist, 12(4): 509.

Gore, Robert H. 1973. Pachycheles monilifer (Dana 1852). The development in the laboratory of larvae from an Atlantic specimen with a discussion of some larval characters in the genus (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura). Biological Bulletin, 144: 132-150.

Gore, Robert H. 1973. Studies on decapod crustacea from the Indian River region of Florida. II. Megalobrachium soriatum (Say, 1818): The larval development under laboratory culture (Crustacea: Decapoda: Porcellanidae). Bulletin of Marine Science, 23(4): 837-856.

Gore, Robert H. 1974. Biological Results of the University of Miami Deep-Sea Expeditions. 102. On a small collection of porcellanid crabs from the Caribbean Sea (Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura). Bulletin of Marine Science, 24(3): 700-721.

Gore, Robert H. and Raymond E. Grizzle. 1974. Studies on decapod crustacea from the Indian River region of Florida. III. Callinectes bocourti A. Milne-Edwards, 1879 (Decapoda, Portunidae) from the central east coast of Florida. Crustaceana, 27(3): 306-308.

Gore, Robert H. 1975. Petrolisthes zacae Haig, 1968 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Porcellanidae): The Development of Larvae in the Laboratory. Pacific Science, 29(2): 181-196.

Gore, Robert H. and Linda J. Becker. 1975. Studies on stomatopod crustacea of the Indian River region of Florida. I. Rediscovery and extension of range of Heterosqulla armata (Smith, 1881). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 88(3): 21-28.

Gore, Robert H. and Linda J. Becker. 1976. Studies on stomatopod crustacea from the Indian River region of Florida. II. An annotated check list of the mantis shrimps of the central eastern Florida coast. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 89(10): 147-184.

Gore, Robert H. 1977. Neopisosoma angustifrons (Benedict, 1901): the complete larval development under laboratory conditions, with notes on larvae of the related genus Pachycheles (Decapoda Anomura, Porcellanidae). Crustaceana, 33(3): 284-300.

Gore, Robert H. 1977. Studies on decapod crustacea from the Indian River region of Florida. VI. The identity of Parthenope (Platylambrus) serrata (H. Milne Edwards, 1834) and Parthenope (Platylambrus) granulata (Kingsley, 1879). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 90(3): 505-531.

Gore, Robert H. 1977. Studies on decapod crustacea from the Indian River region of Florida. VII. A field character for rapid identification of the swimming crabs Callinectes ornatus Ordway, 1863 and C. similis Williams, 1966 (Brachyura: Portunidae). Northeast Gulf Science, 1(2): 119-123.

Gore, Robert H. and Linda J. Becker. 1977. Zygopa michaelis Holthuis, 1960: A first record and range extension to the continental United States (Decapoda Anomura, Albuneidae). Crustaceana, 33(2): 219-221.

Gore, Robert H. 1978. Larval development of Galathea rostrata under laboratory conditions, with a discussion of larval development in the Galatheidae (Crustacea Anomura). Fishery Bulletin, 76(4): 781-806.

Gore, Robert H. and Kim A. Wilson. 1978. Studies on decapod crustacea from the Indian River region of Florida, X. A first continental record for Discias atlanticus Gurney, 1939 (Caridea, Disciadidae). Crustaceana, 35(1): 109-111.

Gore, Robert H., George R. Kulczycki and Philip A. Hastings. 1978. A second occurrence of the Brazilian freshwater shrimp, Potimirim potimirim, along the central eastern Florida coast. Florida Scientist, 41(1): 57-62.

Gore, Robert H., Liberta E. Scotto and Linda H. Becker. 1978. Studies on the decapod crustacea from the Indian River region of Florida. IV. Community composition, stability, and trophic partitioning in decapod crustaceans inhabiting some subtropical sabellariid worm reefs. Bulletin of Marine Science, 28(2): 221-248.

Gore, Robert H. and Liberta E. Scotto. 1979. Crabs of the family Parthenopidae (Crustacea Brachyura: Oxyrhyncha) with notes on specimens from the Indian River region of Florida. Memoirs of the Hourglass Cruises, 3(6): 1-98.

Gore, Robert H. 1981. Three new shrimps, and some interesting new records of decapod crustacea from a deep-water coral reef in the Florida Keys. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 94(1): 135-162.

Gore, Robert H., Edward E. Gallaher, Liberta E. Scotto and Kim A. Wilson. 1981. Studies on Decapod Crustacea from the Indian River Region of Florida. XI. Community Composition, Structure, Biomass and Species-Areal Relationships of Seagrass and Drift Algae-associated Macrocrustaceans. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 12: 485-508.

Gore, Robert H., Cindy Lee Van Dover and Jan Robert Factor. 1981. Studies on decapod crustacea from the Indian River region of Florida. XVIII. Rediscovery of Periclimenes (Periclimenes) pandionis Holthuis, 1951 (Caridea, Palaemonidae) with notes on the males and zoeal stages. Crustaceana, 40(3): 253-265.

Gore, Robert H., Cindy Lee Van Dover, and Kim A. Wilson. 1981. Studies on decapod crustacea from the Indian River region of Florida. XX. Micropanope barbadensis (Rathbun, 1921): the complete larval development under laboratory conditions (Brachyura, Xanthidae). Journal of Crustacean Biology, 1(1): 28-50.

Gore, Robert H. 1982. Porcellanid Crabs from the Coasts of Mexico and Central America (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 363: 1-34.

Gore, Robert H. and Liberta E. Scotto. 1982. Cyclograpsus integer H. Milne Edwards, 1837 (Brachyura, Grapsidae): the complete larval development in the laboratory, with notes on larvae of the genus Cyclograpsus. Fishery Bulletin, 80(3): 501-521.

Gore, Robert H., Liberta E. Scotto, and Won Tack Yang. 1982. Microphrys bicornutus (Latreille, 1825): the complete larval development under laboratory conditions with notes on other mithracine larvae (Decapoda: Brachyura: Majidae). Journal of Crustacean Biology, 2(4): 514-534.

Gore, Robert H. 1983. The identity of Petrolisthes marginatus Stimpson, 1859, and the description of Petrolisthes dissimulatus, n. sp. (Crustacea: Decapoda: Porceanidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 96(1): 89-102.

Gore, Robert H., Liberta E. Scotto and John K. Reed. 1983. Early larval stages of the Indo-Pacific coral gall-forming crab Hapalocarcinus marsupialis Stimpson, 1859 (Brachyura, Hapalocarcinidae) cultured in the laboratory. Crustaceana, 44(2): 141-150.

Gore, Robert H. and Liberta E. Scotto. 1983. Studies on decapod crustacea from the Indian River Region of Florida. XXV. Carapacial and abdominal allometry in five species of subtropical parthenopid crabs (Brachyura, Parthenopidae). Crustaceana, 44(1): 1-22.

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Kilar, John A. and James N. Norris. 1988. Composition, export and import of drift vegetation on a tropical, plant-dominated, fringing-reef platform (Caribbean Panama). Coral Reefs, 7: 93-103.

Kilar, John A. and M. Dennis Hanisak. 1988. Seasonal patterns of morphological variability in Sargassum polyceratium (Phaeophyta). Journal of Phycology, 24: 467-473.

Kilar, John A. and M. Dennis Hanisak. 1989. Phenotypic variability in Sargassum polyceratium (Fucales, Phaeophyta). Phycologia, 28(4): 491-500.

Kilar, John A. and J. McLachlan. 1989. Effects of wave exposure on the community structure of a plant-dominated, fringing-reef platform: intermediate disturbance and disturbance-mediated competition. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 54: 265-276.

Kilar, John A., Mark M. Littler and Diane S. Littler. 1989. Functional-Morphological Relationships in Sargassum polyceratium (Phaeophyta): Phenotypic and Ontogenetic Variability in Apparent Photosynthesis and Dark Respiration. Journal of Phycology, 25: 713-720.

Kool, Silvard P. 1987. Significance of Radular Characters in Reconstruction of Thaidid Phylogeny (Neogastropoda: Muricacea). The Nautilus, 101(3): 117-132.

Kool, Silvard P. 1988. Phylogenetic analysis of the subfamily Thaidinae (Prosobranchia:Neogastropoda:Muricidae), George Washington University, Washington, D.C. Ph.D. Dissertation.

Kool, Silvard P. 1988. Aspects of the anatomy of Plicopurpura patula (Prosobranchia: Muricoidea: Thaidinae), new combination, with emphasis on the reproductive system. Malacologia, 29(2): 373-382.

Kool, Silvard P. 1993. Phylogenetic Analysis of the Rapaninae (Neogastropoda: Muricidae). Malacologia, 35(2): 155-259.

Kool, Silvard P. 1993. The Systematic Position of the Genus Nucella (Prosobranchia: Muricidae: Ocenebrinae). The Nautilus, 107(2), 43-57.

Kornicker, Louis S. 1977. Myodocopid ostracoda of the Indian River complex, Florida. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 90(4): 788-797.

Krayesky, David M., James N. Norris, Paul W. Gabrielson, Daniela Gabriel, and Suzanne Fredericq. 2009.  A new order of red algae based on the Peyssonneliaceae, with an evaluation of the ordinal classification of the Florideophyceae (Rhodophyta).  Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 122(3), 364-391.

Kristensen, Reinhardt Møbjerg and Robert P. Higgins. 1984. A New Family of Arthrotardigrada (Tardigrada: Heterotardigrada) from the Atlantic Coast of Florida, U.S.A. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society, 103(3): 295-311.

Kristensen, Reinhardt Møbjerg and Robert P. Higgins. 1989. Marine Tardigrada from the Southeastern United States Coastal Waters. I. Paradoxipus orzeliscoides n. gen. n. sp. (Athrotardigrada: Halechiniscidae). Transactions of the American Microscopical Society, 108(3): 262-282.

Kristensen, Reinhardt Mobjerg, Iben Heiner, and Robert P. Higgins. 2007. Morphology and life cycle of a new loriciferan from the Atlantic coast of Florida with an emended diagnosis and life cycle of Nanaloricidae (Loricifera). Invertebrate Zoology, 126(2): 120-137.

Kropp, Roy K. and Raymond B. Manning. 1985. Cryptochiridae, the correct name for the family containing the gall crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 98(4): 954-955.

Kropp, Roy K. and Raymond B. Manning. 1987. The Atlantic Gall Crabs, Family Cryptochiridae (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 462: 1-21.

Kropp, Roy K. and Raymond B. Manning. 1995. Crustacea Decapoda : Two new genera and species of deep water gall crabs from the Indo-west Pacific (Cryptochiridae). IN: A. Crosnier (ed), Résultats des Campagnes Musorstom, Volume 15. Memoires du Museum National Histoire Naturelle, 168:531-539.

Kuffner, Ilsa B. and Valerie J. Paul. 2004. Effects of the benthic cyanobacterium Lyngbya majuscula on larval recruitment of the reef corals Acropora surculosa and Pocillopora damicornis. Coral Reefs, 23: 455-458.

Kuffner, Ilsa B., Linda J. Walters, Mikel A. Becerro, Valerie J. Paul, Raphael Ritson-Williams, and Keven S. Beach. 2006. Inhibition of coral recruitment by macroalgae and cyanobacteria. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 323: 107-117.

Kuffner, I.B., V.J. Paul, R. Ritson-Williams, T.D. Hickey and L.J. Walters.  2009. Reef communities in the Dry Tortugas (Florida, USA): Baseline surveys for the new no-take area.  Proceedings of the 11th International Coral Reef Symposium, Ft. Lauderdale, FL, July 2008: 311-315.

Kuffner, Ilsa B., T. Don Hickey, Valerie J. Paul, Jennifer M. Morrison, Linda J. Walters, Katie R. Grablow, Teresa Turner and Edward R. Parish. 2011. Half-dead colonies of Montastraea annularis release viable gametes on a degraded reef in the U. S. Virgin Islands. Bulletin of Marine Science 87 (4):855-856.

Kwan, Jason C., James R. Rocca, Khalil A. Abboud, Valerie J. Paul, and Hendrik Luesch. 2008. Total structure determination of grassypeptolide, a new marine cyanobacterial cytotoxin. Organic Letters, 10(5): 789-792.

Kwan, Jason C., Erica A. Eksioglu, Chen Liu, Valerie J. Paul, and Hendrik Luesch. 2009. Grassystatins A-C from marine cyanobacteria, potent cathespin E inhibitors that reduce antigen presentation. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 52: 5732-5747.

Kwan, Jason C., Kanchan Taori, Valerie J. Paul, and Hendrik Luesch. 2009. Lyngbyastatins 8-10, elastase inhibitors with cyclic depsipeptide scaffolds isolated from the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya semiplena. Marine Drugs, 7: 528-538.

Kwan, Jason C., Ranjala Ratnayake, Khalil A. Abbound, Valerie J. Paul, and Hendrik Luesch.  2010.  Grassypeptolides A-C, cytotoxic bis-thiazoline containing marine cyclodepsipeptides.  Journal of Organic Chemistry, 75, 8012-8013.

Kwan, Jason C., Max Teplitski, Sarath P. Gunasekera, Valerie J. Paul and Hendrik Luesch. 2010. Isolation and Biological Evaluation of 8-epi-Malyngamide C from the Floridian Marine Cyanobacterium Lyngbya majuscula. Journal of Natural Products, 73(3): 463-466.

Kwan, Jason Christopher, Theresa Meickle, Dheran Ladwa, Max Teplitski, Valerie Paul, and Hendrik Luesch.  2011.  Lyngbyoic acid, a “tagged” fatty acid from a marine cyanobacterium, disrupts quorum sensing in Pseudomonas aeruginosa.  Molecular BioSystems, 7: 1205-1216.

Laanbroek, Hendrikus J., Rosalinde M. Keijzer, Jos T.A. Verhoeven, Dennis F. Whigham. 2012. The distribution of ammonia-oxidizing betaproteobacteria in stands of Black mangroves (Avicennia germanans). Frontiers in Terrestrial Microbiology 3 (153):1-11.

Lapointe, Brian E., Mark M. Littler and Diane S. Littler. 1992. Modification of Benthic Community Structure by Natural Eutrophication: the Belize Barrier Reef. Proceedings of the Seventh International Coral Reef Symposium, 1: 323-334.

Lapointe, Brian E., Mark M. Littler and Diane S. Littler. 1992. Nutrient Availability to Marine Macroalgae in Siliciclastic Versus Carbonate-Rich Coastal Waters. Estuaries, 15(1): 75-82.

Lapointe, Brian E., Mark M. Littler and D.S. Littler. 1997. Macroalgal Overgrowth of Fringing Coral Reefs at Discovery Bay, Jamaica: Bottom-Up Versus Top-Down Control. IN: Proceedings of the 8th International Coral Reef Symposium, Pamana, 24-29 June 1996. Editors H. A. Lessios, Ian G. Macintyre and Monica McGee. pp. 929-932.

Lapointe, Brian E., Peter J. Barile, Charles S. Yentsch, Mark M. Littler, Diane S. Littler, Brian Kakuk.  2004.  The Relative Importance of Nutrient Enrichment and Herbivory on Macroalgal Communities Near Norman's Pond Cay, Exuma Cays, Bahamas:  A "Natural" Enrichment Experiment.  Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 298(2): 275-301.

Lapointe, Brian E., Peter J. Barile, Mark M. Littler, and Diane S. Littler. 2005. Macroalgal blooms on southeast Florida coral reefs: II. Cross-shelf discrimination of nitrogen sources indicates widespread assimiliation of sewage nitrogen. Harmful Algae, 4(6): 1106-1122.

Lapointe, Brian E., Peter J. Barile, Mark M. Littler, Diane S. Littler, Bradley J. Bedford, and Constance Gasque. 2005. Macroalgal blooms on southeast Florida coral reefs: I. Nutrient stoichiometry of the invasive green alga Codium isthmocladum in the wider Caribbean indicates nutrient enrichment. Harmful Algae, 4(6): 1092-1105.

Lemaitre, Rafael. 1995. Charybdis hellerii (Milne Edwards, 1867), a nonindegenous portunid crab (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura) discovered in the Indian River Lagoon system of Florida. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 108(4): 643-648.

Lemaitre, Rafael and Darryl L. Felder. 1996. A new species of ghost shrimp of the genus Sergio Manning & Lemaitre, 1994 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Callianassidae) from the Caribbean coast of Colombia. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 109(3): 453-463.

Lemaitre, Rafael and Patsy A. McLaughlin. 1996. Revision of Pylopagurus and Tomopagurus (Crustacea: Decapoda: Paguridae), with the Descriptions of New Genera and Species. Part V. Anisopagurus McLaughlin, Manucomplanus McLaughlin, and Protoniopagurus New Genus. Bulletin of Marine Science, 59(1), 89-141.

Lemaitre, Rafael and Patsy A. McLaughlin. 2003. Revision of Pylopagurus and Tomopagurus (Crustacea: Decapoda: Paguridae), with descriptions of new genera and species. Addendum and taxonomic summary. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 116(2): 464-486.

Liana, Marcin .K., Sigmer Q. Quiroga, D. Marcela Bolanos and Marian K. Litvaitis. 2012. Comparative morphology of the epidermis of seven polyclad flatworks (Platyhelminthes: Rhabditrophra). Zoologischer Anzeiger 251:206-214.

Littler, Diane S., Mark M. Littler, Katina E. Bucher, and James N. Norris. 1989. Marine Plants of the Caribbean, A Field Guide from Florida to Brazil. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, 272 pp.

Littler, D. S. and M. M. Littler. 1990. Reestablishment of the Green Algal Genus Rhipidosiphon Montagne (Udoteaceae, Bryopsidales) with a Description of Rhipidosiphon floridensis sp. nov. British Phycology Journal, 25: 33-38.

Littler, D. S. and M. M. Littler. 1990. Systematics of Udotea species (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta) in the tropical western Atlantic. Phycologia, 29(2): 206-252.

Littler, Diane S. and Mark M. Littler. 1991. Systematics of Anadyomene Species (Anadyomenaceae, Chlorophyta) in the Tropical Western Atlantic. Journal of Phycology, 27: 101-118.

Littler, D. S. and M. M. Littler. 1992. Systematics of Avrainvillea (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta) in the tropical western Atlantic. Phycologia, 31(5): 375-418.

Littler, Diane S. & Mark M. Littler. 1995. A New Bacterial Disease Impacts Pacific Coral Reefs. Ocean Realm: 37-39.

Littler, D. S., M. M. Littler and B. L. Brooks. 1995. Marine Algae and Seagrasses from the Tobacco Range Fracture Zone, Belize, C.A. Atoll Research Bulletin, 429: 1-43.

Littler, Diane S. and Mark M. Littler. 1997. An illustrated marine flora of the Pelican Cays, Belize. Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington, 9: 1-149.

Littler, Diane S., Mark M. Littler, and Barrett L. Brooks. 2000. Checklist of Marine Algae and Seagrasses from the Ponds of the Pelican Cays, Belize. Atoll Research Bulletin No. 474: 151-206.

Littler, Diane Scullion and Mark Masterton Littler. 2000. Caribbean Reef Plants, Offshore Graphics, Inc., 542 pages, over 700 color photographs, 565 black and white plates. Hard Cover, ISBN 0-9678901-0-1.

Littler, Diane Scullion and Mark Masterton Littler.  2003.  South Pacific Reef Plants – A Divers’ Guide to the Plant Life of South Pacific Coral Reefs.  Offshore Graphics, Inc., 331 pages.

Littler, Diane S. & Mark M. Littler. 2004. Taonia abbottiana sp. nov. (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae) from the Tropical Western Atlantic. Cryptogamic, Algologie, 25(4): 419-427.

Littler, Diane S., Mark M. Littler, Ian G. Macintyre, Emily Bowlin, Miriam S. Andres and R. Pamela Reid. 2005. Guide to the Dominant Microalgae of the Stromatolite Fringing Reef Complex, Highborne Cay, Bahamas. Atoll Research Bulletin, 532: 67-91.

Littler, Diane S., Mark M. Littler & M. Dennis Hanisak. 2008. Submersed Plants of the Indian River Lagoon. Offshore Graphics, Inc., 286 pages.

Littler, Mark M., Diane S. Littler, Stephen M. Blair, and James N. Norris. 1985. Deepest known plant life discovered on an uncharted seamount. Science, 227: 57-59.

Littler, Mark M., Diane S. Littler and Brian E. LaPointe. 1986. Baseline studies of herbivory and eutrophication on dominant reef communities of Looe Key National Marine Sanctuary. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS MEMD 1: 1-49.

Littler, Mark M., Diane S. Littler, Stephen M. Blair and James N. Norris. 1986. Deep-water plant communities from an uncharted seamount off San Salvador Island, Bahamas: distribution, abundance, and primary productivity. Deep-Sea Research, 33(7): 881-892.

Littler, M. M., D. S. Littler, J. N. Norris and K. E. Bucher. 1987. Recolonization of algal communities following the grounding of the freighter Wellwood on Molasses Reef, Key Largo National Marine Sanctuary. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS MEND 15, 48 pages.

Littler, Mark M. and Diane S. Littler. 1988. 2. Structure and role of algae in tropical reef communities. IN: Algae and Human Affairs: pp. 29-56. Editors, C. A. Lembi and J. Robert Waaland, Cambridge University Press, New York.

Littler, Mark M., Diane S. Littler and Brian E. Lapointe. 1988. A comparison of nutrient- and light-limited photosynthesis in psammophytic versus epilithic forms of Halimeda (Caulerpales, Halimedaceae) from the Bahamas. Coral Reefs, 6: 219-225.

Littler, Mark M. and Diane S. Littler. 1990. Productivity and nutrient relationships in psammophytic versus epilithic forms of Bryopsidales (Chlorophyta): comparisons based on a short-term physiological assay. Hydrobiologia, 204/205: 49-55.

Littler, Mark M., Diane S. Littler, and M. Dennis Hanisak. 1991. Deep-water rhodolith distribution, productivity, and growth history at sites of formation and subsequent degradation. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 150: 163-182.

Littler, M. M., D. S. Littler and E. A. Titlyanov. 1991. Comparisons of N- and P-limited productivity between high granitic islands versus low carbonate atolls in the Seychelles Archipelago: a test of the relative-dominance paradigm. Coral Reefs, 10: 199-209.

Littler, M. M. and D. S. Littler. 1992. Chapter 10. Photosynthesis Vs. Irradiance Curves for Six Species of Macroalgae from the Seychelles Islands Under Four Levels of Nutrient Enrichment. Atoll Research Bulletin No. 374: 1-14.

Littler, Mark M. and Diane S. Littler. 1992. Results of the USSR-USA Expedition in Marine Biology to the Seychelles Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin Nos. 365-378.

Littler, M. M., D. S. Littler and B. E. Lapointe. 1993. Modification of Tropical Reef Community Structure Due to Cultural Eutrophication: the Southwest Coast of Martinique. Proceedings of the Seventh International Coral Reef Symposium, Guam 1992, 1: 335-343.

Littler, M. M. and D. S. Littler. 1994. Algenwachstum in ozeanischen Tiefen. Biologie in unserer Zeit, 24(6): 330-335.

Littler, Mark M. and Diane S. Littler. 1995. Impact of CLOD Pathogen on Pacific Coral Reefs. Science, 267: 1356-1360.

Littler, Mark M., Diane S. Littler and Phillip R. Taylor. 1995. Selective Herbivore Increases Biomass of its Prey: A Chiton-Coralline Reef-Building Association. Ecology, 76(5): 1666-1681.

Littler, M.M., D. S. Littler, I.G. Macintyre, B.L. Brooks, P.R. Taylor, and B.E. Lapointe. 1995. The Tobacco Range Fracture Zone: A Unique System of Slumped Mangrove Peat. Atoll Research Bulletin, 428: 1-31.

Littler, Mark M., Ian G. Macintyre, and Diane S. Littler. 1995. Introduction to the Biology and Geology of Tobacco Range, Belize, Central America: A Mangrove System Containing Unique Fractured Peat Deposits. Atoll Research Bulletin No. 426: 1-6.

Littler, Mark M., Diane S. Littler, Barrett L. Brooks, and Joan F. Koven. 1996. Field Expedient Ecological Methods: A Comparison Between Limited Vs. Optimal Resources for the Study of a Unique Coral Reef. IN: Proceedings of the AAUS 1996 Scientific Diving Symposium, Washington, DC. Editors, M. M. Lang and C.C. Baldwin. pp. 159-165.

Littler, Mark M. and Diane S. Littler. 1997. Disease-induced mass mortality of crustose coralline algae on coral reefs provides rationale for the conservation of herbivorous fish stocks. IN: Proceedings of the 8th International Coral Reef Symposium, Panama, 24-29 June 1996. Editors H. A. Lessios, Ian G. Macintyre and Monica McGee. pp. 719-724.

Littler, M.M and D.S. Littler. 1997. Epizoic red alga allelopathic (?) to a Caribbean coral. Coral Reefs, 16: 168.

Littler, M. M., D. S. Littler, B. L. Brooks, and J. F. Koven. 1997. A unique coral reef formation discovered on the Great Astrolabe Reef, Fiji. Coral Reefs, 16: 51-54.

Littler, M.M. and D.S. Littler. 1998. An undescribed fungal pathogen of reef-forming crustose coralline algae discovered in American Samoa. Coral Reefs, 17: 144.

Littler, Mark M. and Diane S. Littler. 1999. Blade Abandonment/Proliferation: A Novel Mechanism for Rapid Epiphyte Control in Marine Macrophytes. Ecology, 80(5): 1736-1746.

Littler, M. M. and D. S. Littler. 1999. Castles built by a chiton from the Great Astrolabe Reef, Fiji. Coral Reefs, 18: 158.

Littler, M. M. and D. S. Littler. 1999. Disturbances due to Cyclone Gavin parallel those caused by a ship grounding. Coral Reefs, 18: 146.

Littler, M. M. and D. S. Littler. 1999. Epithallus sloughing: a self-cleaning mechanism for coralline algae. Coral Reefs 18(3): 204.

Littler, M. M. and D. S. Littler. 2001. Living stromatolites, built by the cyanobacterium Schizothrix gebeleinii form enduring modern reef structures. Coral Reefs, 19: 258.

Littler, Mark Masterton and Diane Scullion Littler. 2003. Waterways and Byways of the Indian River Lagoon - Field Guide for Boaters, Anglers & Naturalists. OffShore Graphics, Inc., 171 pps.

Littler, Mark M., Diane S. Littler, and Barrett L. Brooks. 2004. Extraordinary Mound-Building Forms of Avrainvillea (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta): Their Experimental Taxonomy, Comparative Functional Morphology and Ecological Strategies. Atoll Research Bulletin, 515: 1-26.

Littler, Mark M. and Diane S. Littler. 2005. Chapter 12.2 - A Proposed Sustainable Coral-Reef Management Model. IN: Krupnick, G. A. and Kress, W. J. eds. Plant Conservation: A Natural History Approach, pp. 262-269. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Littler, Mark M. and Diane S. Littler. 2005. Chapter 12.3 - Application of a Seagrass Management Model. IN: Krupnick, G. A. and Kress, W. J. eds. Plant Conservation: A Natural History Approach, pp. 270-285. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Littler, M. M., D. S. Littler, and B. L. Brooks. 2005. Extraordinary mound building Avrainvillea (Chlorophytal): the largest tropical marine plants. Coral Reefs 24: 555.

Littler, Mark M., Diane S. Littler, Barrett L. Brooks. 2006. Harmful algae on tropical coral reefs: bottom-up eutrophication and top-down herbivory. Harmful Algae, 5(5): 565-585.

Littler, Mark M., Diane S. Littler, Barrett L. Brooks, Brian E. Lapointe. 2006. Nutrient manipulation methods for coral reef studies: A critical review and experimental field data. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 336: 242-253.


Littler, M. M., D. S. Littler, B. E. Lapointe, and P. J. Barile. 2006. Toxic Cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) associated with groundwater conduits in the Bahamas, Coral Reefs, 25: 186.

Littler, Mark M. and Diane S. Littler. 2007. Assessment of coral reefs using herbivory/nutrient assays and indicator groups of benthic primary producers: a critical synthesis, proposed protocols, and critique of management strategies. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 17: 195-215.

Littler, M. M., D. S. Littler, B. L. Brooks. 2007. Target phenomena on South Pacific reefs: Strip harvesting by prudent pathogens? Reef Encounter, 34: 23-24.

Littler, Mark M., Diane S. Littler, B.L. Brooks and B.E. Lapointe. 2007. Unusual linear arrays of the coral reef macrophyte Halimeda incrassata in the Bahamas. Coral Reefs, 26(4): 817-818.

Littler, M. M. and D. S. Littler. 2008. Coralline algal rhodoliths form extensive benthic communities in the Gulf of Chiriqui, Pacific Panama. Coral Reefs, 27: 553.

Littler, Mark M. and Diane S. Littler.  2009.  Health of coral reefs: measuring benthic indicator groups and calculating tipping points.  Proceeding of the American Academy of Underwater Sciences 28th Symposium, Dauphin Island, AL: AAUS, Diving for Science 2009, N. W. Pollock editor, 175-191.

Littler, Mark M., Diane S. Littler, and Barrett L. Brooks.  2009.  Herbivory, nutrients, stochastic events, and relative dominances of benthic indicator groups on coral reefs:  A review and recommendations.  IN:  Proceedings of the Marine Science Symposium: Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences, Number 38, 401-414.

Littler, Mark M., Diane S. Littler, and Barrett L. Brooks. 2010. The Effects of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Enrichment on Algal Community Development: Artificial Mini-Reefs on the Belize Barrier Reef Sedimentary Lagoon. Harmful Algae, 9(3): 255-263.

Littler, Mark M., Diane S. Littler, and Barrett L. Brooks. 2010. Marine Macroalgal Diversity Assessment of Saba Bank, Netherlands Antilles. PLoS ONE 5(5): 1-11.

Lovelock, Catherine E. and Ilka C. Feller. 2003. Photosynthetic performance and resource utilization of two mangrove species coexisting in a hypersaline scrub forest. Oecologia, 134: 455-462.

Lovelock, Catherine E., Marilyn C. Ball, Ilka C. Feller, Bettina M. J. Engelbrecht and Mei Ling Ewe. 2006. Variation in hydraulic conductivity of mangroves: influence of species, salinity, and nitrogen and phosphorus availability. Physiologia Plantarum, 127: 457-464.

Lovelock, Catherine E., Ilka C. Feller, Marilyn C. Ball, Bettina M. J. Engelbrecht and Mei Ling Ewe. 2006. Differences in plant function in phosphorus- and nitrogen-limited mangrove ecosystems. New Phytologist, 172: 514-522.

Lovelock, C. E., I. C. Feller, M. C. Ball, J. Ellis and B. Sorrell. 2007. Testing the growth rate vs. geochemical hypothesis for latitudinal variation in plant nutrients. Ecology Letters, 10: 1154-1163.

Lowell, Richard B., John H. Markham, and Kenneth H. Mann. 1991. Herbivore-like damage induces increased strength and toughness in a seaweed. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B Biological Sciences, 243: 31-38.

Ma, Hongwei, Robin M. Overstreet, James H. Sniezek, Mobashir Solangi, and D. Wayne Coats. 2006. Two new species pf symbiotic ciliates from the respiratory tract of cetaceans with establishment of the new genus Planilamina n. gen. (Dysteriida, Kyiaroikeidae). Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, 53(6): 407-419.

Macintyre, I. G., K. Rützler, J. N. Norris, K. P. Smith, S. D. Cairns, K. E. Bucher, R. S. Steneck. 1991. An early Holocene reef in the western Atlantic: submersible investigations of a deep relict reef off the west coast of Barbados, W.I. Coral Reefs, 10: 167-174.

MacPherson, Jennifer C., Debra L. Bemis, Robert S. Jacobs, William H. Gerwich, and James Todd. 1999. NMR in conjunction with GC-MS and UV methods: a case study on marine lipids. IN: Spectral Properties of Lipids. Editors Richard J. Hamilton and John Cast. pp. 97-122.

Maldonado, M., M. Dufort, D. A. McCarthy and C. M. Young. 2003. The cellular basis of photobehavior in the tufted parenchymella larva of demosponges. Marine Biology, 143: 427-441.

Manning, Raymond B. 1984. Crenatosquilla, a new genus of stomatopod crustacean from the East Pacific. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 97(1): 191-193.

Manning, Raymond B. and L. B. Holthuis. 1984. Geryon fenneri, a new deep-water crab from Florida (Crustacea: Decapoda: Geryonidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 97(3): 666-673.

Manning, R. B., H. Schiff, and B. C. Abbott. 1984. Cornea shape and surface structure in some stomatopod crustacea. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 4(3): 502-513.

Manning, Raymond B., Helga Schiff and Bernard C. Abbott. 1984. Eye Structure and the Classification of Stomatopod Crustacea. Zoologica Scripta, 13(1): 41-44.

Manning, Raymond B. 1986. A small trap for collecting crustaceans in shallow water. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 99(2): 266-268.

Manning, Raymond B. and Darryl L. Felder. 1986. The status of the Callianassid genus Callichirus Stimpson, 1866 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Thalassinidea). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 99(3): 437-443.

Manning, Raymond B. and Richard W. Heard. 1986. Additional records for Callianassa rathbunae Schmitt, 1935, from Florida and the Bahamas (Crustacea: Decapoda: Callianassidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 99(2): 347-349.

Manning, Raymond B. and L. B. Holthuis. 1986. Notes on Geryon from Bermuda, with the description of Geyron inghami, new species (Crustacea: Decapoda: Geryonidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 99(2): 366-373.

Manning, Raymond B. 1987. Notes on Western Atlantic Callianassidae. (Crustacea: Decapoda: Thalassinidea). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 100(2): 386-401.

Manning, Raymond B. and Brian Morton. 1987. Pinnotherids (Crustacea: Decapoda) and Leptonaceans (Mollusca: Bivalvia) associated with sipunculan worms in Hong Kong. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 100(3): 543-551.

Manning, Raymond B. 1988. Notes on Albuneid Crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda: Albuneidae) from the central east coast of Florida. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 101(3): 626-632.

Manning, Raymond B. 1988. The status of Callianassa hartmeyeri Schmitt, 1935, with the description of Corallianassa xutha from the west coast of America (Crustacea, Decapoda, Thalassinidea). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 101(4): 883-889.

Manning, Raymond B. and David K. Camp. 1989. Additional records for an Atlantic reef lobster, Enoplometopus antillensis, Lütken, 1865 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Enoplometopidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 102(2): 411-417.

Manning, Raymond B. and Darryl L. Felder. 1989. The Pinnixa cristata Complex in the Western Atlantic, with Descriptions of Two New Species (Crustacea: Decapoda: Pinnotheridae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 473: 1-26.

Manning, Raymond B. and Marjorie L. Reaka. 1989. Preliminary observations on the biology of Coronis scolopendra at Fort Pierce, Florida. Biology of Stomatopods. E. A. Ferrero, Editor. Selected Symposia and Monographs U.Z.I. 3, Mucchi, Modena, 213-219.

Manning, Raymond B. 1991. Processa vossi, A New Caridean Shrimp from Florida (Crustacea, Decapoda, Processidae). Bulletin of Marine Science, 49(1-2): 552-557.

Manning, Raymond B. and Darryl L. Felder. 1991. Gilvossius, A New Genus of Callianassid Shrimp from the Eastern United States (Crustacea: Decapoda: Thalassinidea). Bulletin of Marine Science, 49(1-2): 558-561.

Manning, Raymond B. and Darryl L. Felder. 1991. Revision of the American Callianassidae (Crustacea: Decapoda: Thalassinidea). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 104(4): 764-792.

Manning, Raymond B. and C. W. Hart, Jr. 1991. A New Species of Processa from Bermuda (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 104(2): 317-321.

Manning, Raymond B. 1992. A New Genus for Corallianassa xutha Manning (Crustacea: Decapoda: Callianassidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 105(3): 571-574.

Manning, Raymond B. 1993. Epulotheres angelae, New Genus, New Species, A Pinnotherid Crab from the Caribbean Sea (Decapoda: Pinnotheridae). Journal of Crustacean Biology, 13(4): 801-804.

Manning, Raymond B. 1993. Three Genera Removed from the Synonymy of Pinnotheres BOSC, 1802 (Brachyura: Pinnotheridae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 106(3): 523-531.

Manning, Raymond B. 1993. Two New Species of Neocallichirus from the Caribbean Sea (Crustacea: Decapoda: Callianassidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 106(1): 106-114.

Manning, Raymond B. 1993. West African pinnotherid crabs, subfamily Pinnotherinae (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura). Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, 15A(1-4): 125-177.

Manning, Raymond B. and David K. Camp. 1993. Erythrosquilloidea, A New Superfamily, and Tetrasquillidae, A New Family of Stomatopod Crustaceans. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 106(1): 85-91.

Manning, R. B. and R. Lemaitre. 1993. Sergio, A new genus of ghost shrimp from the Americas (Crustacea: Decapoda: Callianassidae). Nauplius, Rio Grande, 1:39-43.

Manning, Raymond B. 1995. Stomatopod Crustacea of Vietnam: The Legacy of Raoul Serène. Crustacean Research, Special Number 4, The Carcinological Society of Japan, 1:339.

Manning, Raymond B. and Darryl L. Felder. 1995. Description of the ghost shrimp Sergio mericeae, a new species from south Florida, with Reexamination of S. guassutinga (Crustacea: Decapoda: Callianassidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 108(2): 266-280.

Manning, R. B. 1996. Viridotheres marionae, a new genus and species of pinnotherid crab from West Africa (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura). Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) 70: 271-273.

Manning, Raymond B. and Darryl L. Felder. 1996. Nannotheres moorei, a new genus and species of minute pinnotherid crab from Belize, Caribbean Sea (Crustacea: Decapoda: Pinnotheridae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 109(2): 311-317.

Manning, Raymond B. 1997. Eunephrops luckhursti, a new deep-sea lobster from Bermuda (Crustacea: Decapoda: Nephropidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 110(2): 256-262.

Manning, Raymond B. 1997. Neogonodactylus campi, a new species of stomatopod crustacean from the Caribbean Sea, with additional records for N. caribbaeus (Schotte & Manning). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 110(2): 280-284.

Manning, Raymond B. and Tin-Yan Chan. 1997. The Genus Faughnia from Taiwan, with the description of a new species (Stomatopoda: Parasquillidae). Journal of Crustacean Biology, 17(3): 546-554.

Manning, Raymond B. and Richard W. Heard. 1997. Stomatopod Crustaceans from the Carolinas and Georgia, Southeastern United States. Gulf Research Reports 9(4): 303-320.

Manning, Raymond B. 1998. A new genus and species of pinnotherid crab (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) from Indonesia. Zoosystema, 20(2): 357-362.

Manning, Raymond B. and Akio Tamaki. 1998. A new genus of ghost shrimp from Japan (Crustacea: Decapoda: Callianassidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 111(4): 889-892.

Manning, Raymond B. and Bella Galil. 2000. A new genus of pinnotherid crab from the Indian Ocean (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 113(1): 66-69.

Manning, Raymond B. and David K. Camp. 2001. A New Genus of Stomatopod from the Caribbean Sea (Stomatopoda: Squillidae). Journal of Crustacean Biology, 21(1): 202-204.

Maslakova, Svetlana A., Mark Q. Martindale and Jon L. Norenburg. 2004. Fundamental properties of the spiralian developmental program are displayed by the basal nemertean Carinoma tremaphoros (Palaeonemertea, Nemertea). Developmental Biology, 267: 342-360.

Maslakova, S. A., M. Q. Martindale, and J. L. Norenburg. 2004. Vestigial prototroch in a basal nemertean, Carinoma tremaphoros (Nemertea; Palaeonemertea). Evolution and Development, 6(2): 219-226.

Maslakova, Svetlana A. and Jon L. Norenburg. 2008. Revision of the smiling worms, genus Prosorhochmus Keferstein, 1862, and description of a new species, Prosorhochmus belizeanus sp. nov. (Prosorhochmidae, Hoplonemertea, Nemertea) from Florida and Belize. Journal of Natural History, 42(17-18): 1219-1260.

Maslakova, Svetlana A. and Jon L. Norenburg. 2008. Revision of the smiling worms, genera Prosadenoporus Burger, 1890 and Pantinonemertes Moore and Gibson, 1981 and description of a new species Prosadenoporus floridensis sp. nov. (Prosorhochmidae; Hoplonemertea; Nemertea) from Florida and Belize. Journal of Natural History, 42(25-26): 1689-1727.

Matthew, Susan, Cliff Ross, James R. Rocca, Valerie J. Paul, and Hendrik Luesch. 2007. Lyngbyastatin 4, a Dolastatin 13 analogue with elastase and chymotrypsin inhibitory activity from the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya confervoides. Journal of Natural Products, 70: 124-127.

Matthew, Susan, Cliff Ross, Valerie J. Paul, and Hendrik Luesch. 2008. Pompanopeptins A and B, new cyclic peptides from the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya confervoides. Tetrahedron, 64: 4081-4089.

Matthew, S., V. J. Paul, H. Luesch. 2009. Largamides A-C, tiglic acid-containing cyclodepsipeptides with elastase-inhibitory activity from the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya confervoides. Planta Medica, 75(5): 528-33.

Matthew, Susan, Valerie J. Paul and Hendrik Luesch. 2009. Tiglicamides A-C, Cyclodepsipeptides from the Florida Marine Cyanobacterium Lyngbya confervoides. Phytochemistry, 70(17-18): 2058-2063.

Matthew, Susan, Ranjala Ratnayake, Mikel A. Becerro, Raphael Ritson-Williams, Valerie J. Paul and Hendrik Luesch. 2010. Intramolecular Modulation of Serine Protease Inhibitor Activity in a Marine Cyanobacterium with Antifeedant Properties. Marine Drugs, 8: 1803-1816.

Matthew, Susan, Lilibeth A. Salvador, Peter J. Schupp, Valerie J. Paul, and Hendrik Luesch.  2010.  Cytotoxic halogenated macrolides and modified peptides from the apratoxin-producing marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya bouillonii from Guam.  Journal of Natural Products, 73: 1544-1552.

Mathews, L. M. 2002. Territorial cooperation and social monogamy: factors affecting intersexual behaviours in pair-living snapping shrimp. Animal Behaviour, 63: 767-777.

Mathews, L. M. 2002. Tests of the mate-guarding hypothesis for social monogamy: male snapping shrimp prefer to associate with high-value females  Behaviour Ecology, 14(1): 63-67.

Mathews, L. M. 2002. Tests of the mate-guarding hypothesis for social monogamy: does population density, sex ratio, or female synchrony affect behavior of male snapping shrimp Alpheus angulatus? Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology, 51: 426-432.

Mathews, L. M., C. D. Schubart, J. E. Neigel, and D. L. Felder. 2002.  Genetic, ecological, and behavioural divergence between two sibling snapping shrimp species (Crustacea: Decapoda: Alpheus).  Molecular Ecology, 11: 1427-1437.

McCann, Linda D., Natasha Gray Hitchcock, Judith E. Winston and Gregory M. Ruiz. 2007. Non-native bryozoans in coastal embayments of the southern United States: new records for the western Atlantic. Bulletin of Marine Science, 80(2): 319-342.

McCarthy, Daniel A., Craig M. Young, Roland H. Emson.  2003.  Influence of wave-induced disturbance on seasonal spawning patterns in the sabellariid polychaete Phragmatopoma lapidosa.  Marine Ecology Progress Series, 256: 123-133.

McCarthy, Daniel A. 2005. 2003 Summer Upwelling Events Off Florida’s Atlantic Coast. Florida Scientist, 68(1): 56-62.

McCarthy, Daniel A. and Craig M. Young. 2004. The effects of water-borne gametes on aggregation behavior of Lytechinus variegata. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 283: 191-198.

McCarthy, Daniel A., Philip Kramer, Janice R. Price, and Candace L. Donato. 2008. The ecological importance of a recently discovered intertidal sabellariid reef in St. Croix, U. S. Virgin Islands. Journal of Caribbean Science, 44(2): 223-227.

McLaughlin, Patsy A. and Rafael Lemaitre. 2001. Revision of Pylopagurus and Tomopagurus (Crustacea: Decapoda: Paguridae), with descriptions of new genera and species. Part VI. Pylopagurus A. Milne-Edwards & Bouvier, 1891, Haigia McLaughlin, 1981, and Pylopaguridium. a new genus. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 114(2): 444‑483.

McLean, James H. and M. G. Harasewych. 1995. Review of Western Atlantic Species of Cocculinid and Pseudococculinid Limpets, with Descriptions of New Species (Gastropoda: Cocculiniformia). Contributions in Science, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, 453: 1-33.

Medinskaya, A. I., M. G. Harasewych, and Yu. I. Kantor. 1996. On the anatomy of Vasum muricatum (Born, 1778) (Neogastropoda, Turbinellidae). Ruthenica, 5(2): 131-138.

Meickle, Theresa, Susan Matthew, Cliff Ross, Hendrik Luesch, and Valerie Paul. 2009. Bioassay-guided isolation and identification of desacetylmicrocolin B from Lyngbya cf. polychroa. Planta Medica, 75: 1427-1430.

Meickle, Theresa, Sarath P. Gunasekera, Yanxia Liu, Hendrik Luesch and Valerie J. Paul. 2011. Porpoisamides A and B, two novel epimeric cyclic depsipeptides from a Florida Keys collection of Lyngbya sp. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry 19 (22):6576-6580.

Mikhailova, Marina V., Debra L. Bemis, Mitchell L. Wise, William H. Gerwick, James N. Norris and Robert S. Jacobs. 1995. Structure and Biosynthesis of Novel Conjugated Polyene Fatty Acids from the Marine Green Alga Anadyomene stellata. Lipids: 30(7), 583-589.

Mikkelsen, Paula M. 1981. Studies on euphausiacean crustaceans from the Indian River region of Florida. I. Systematics of the Stylocheiron longicorne species-group, with emphasis on reproductive morphology. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 94(4): 1174-1204.

Mikkelsen, Paul S. and Paula M. Mikkelsen. 1984. Comparison of Acteocina canaliculata (Say, 1826), A. candei (d'Orbigny, 1841) and A. atrata spec. nov. (Gastropoda: Cephalaspidea). The Veliger, 27(2): 164-192.

Mikkelsen, Paula M. & Rüdiger Bieler. 1989. Biology and comparative anatomy of Divariscintilla yoyo and D. troglodytes, two new species of Galeommatidae (Bivalvia) from Stomatopod Burrows in Eastern Florida. Malacologia, 31(1): 175-195.

Mikkelsen, Paula M. & Rüdiger Bieler. 1992. Biology and Comparative Anatomy of Three New Species of Commensal Galeommatidae, With a Possible Case of Mating Behavior in Bivalves. Malacologia, 34(1-2): 1-24.

Mikkelsen, Paula M., Rüdiger Bieler and Richard E. Petit. 1993. A bibliography of Caribbean malacology, 1826 - 1993. American Malacological Bulletin, 10(2): 267-290.

Mikkelsen, Paula M. and Rudiger Bieler. 2000. Marine bivalves of the Florida Keys: discovered biodiversity. IN: The Evolutionary Biology of the Bivalvia, Harper, E.M., Taylor, J.D. & Crame, J.A. Editors, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 177: 367-387.

Mikkelsen, Paula M. and Rudiger Bieler. 2000. Varicorbula (Bivalvia: Corbulidae) of the Western Atlantic: Taxonomy, Anatomy, Life Habits, and Distribution. The Veliger, 44(3): 271-293.

Mikkelsen, Paula M. and Rudiger Bieler. 2003. Systematic revision of the western Atlantic file clams, Lima and Ctenoides (Bivalvia: Limoida: Limidae). Invertebrate Systematics, 17: 667-710.

Mikkelsen, Paula M. & Rudiger Bieler. 2008. Seashells of southern Florida: Living marine mollusks of the Florida Keys and adjacent regions – Bivalves. Princeton University Press, 503 pages.

Miller, John E. and David L. Pawson. 1979. A new subspecies of Holothuria lentiginosa Marenzeller from the western Atlantic Ocean (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 91(4): 912-922.

Miller, John E. and David L. Pawson. 1984. Holothurians (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea). Memoirs of the Hourglass Cruises, 7(1): 1-79.

Miller, John E. and David L. Pawson. 1989. Hansenothuria benti, new genus, new species (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea) from the Tropical Western Atlantic: a bathyal, epibenthic holothurian with swimming abilities. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 102(4): 977-986.

Miller, John E. and David L. Pawson. 1990. Swimming Sea Cucumbers (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea): A Survey, with Analysis of Swimming Behavior in Four Bathyal Species. Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences, 35: 1-18.

Mironov, Alexandr N. & David L. Pawson. 2010. A new genus and species of Western Atlantic sea lilly in the family Septocrinidae (Echinmodermata: Crinoidea: Bourgueticrinida). Zootaxa. 2449: 49-68.

Mladenov, Philip V. and Robert D Burke. 1994. Chapter 9. Echinodermata: Asexual Propagation. IN: Reproductive Biology of Invertebrates. Vol. VI, Part B: Asexual Propogation and Reproductive Strategies, pp. 339-383. Editors, K. G. Adiyodi and Rita G. Adiyodi, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester.

Montaser, Rana, Valerie J. Paul and Hendrik Luesch. 2011. Pitipeptolides C-F, antimycobacterial cyclodepsipeptides from the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya majuscula from Guam. Phytochemistry 72 (16):2068-2074.

Montaser, Rana, Khalil A. Abboud, Valerie J. Paul, and Hendrik Luesch.  2011.  Pitiprolamine, a proline-rich dolastatin 16 analogue from the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya majuscula from Guam.  Journal of Natural Products, 74: 109-112.

Morrow, Kathleen M., Valerie J. Paul, Mark R. Liles and Nanette Chadwick.  2011.  Allelochemicals produced by Caribbean macroalgae and cyanobacteria have species-specific effects on reef coral microorganisms.  Coral Reefs, 30: 309-320.

Morrow, Kathleen M., Raphael Ritson-Williams, Cliff Ross, Mark R. Liles, and Valerie J. Paul. 2012. Macroalgal extracts induce bacterial assemblage shifts and sublethal tissue stress in Caribbean corals. PLoS ONE 7 (9):1-12.

Morse, M. Patricia and Jon L. Norenburg. 1992. Observations on and redescription of Meiomenia arenicola Salvini-Plawen, 1985 (Mollusca: Aplacophora), an interstitial solenogaster from Fort Pierce, Florida. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 105(4): 674-682.

Neuhaus, Birger. 1991. Zur Ultrastruktur, Postembryonalentwicklung und phylogenetischen Verwandtschaft der Kinorhyncha, der Georg-August-Universität zu Göttingen, Ph.D. Dissertation.

Newman, Leslie J., Jon L. Norenburg, and Sherry Reed. 2000. Taxonomic and biological observations on the tiger flatworm, Maritigrella crozieri (Hyman, 1939), new combination (Platyhelminthes, Polycladida, Euryleptidae) from Florida waters. Journal of Natural History, 34: 799-808.

Ng, Peter K. L. and Raymond B. Manning. 2003. On Two New Genera of Pea Crabs Parasitic in Holothurians (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Pinnotheridae) From the Indo-West Pacific. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 116(4): 901-919.

Nickol, Brent B., Richard W. Heard, and Nancy F. Smith. 2002. Acanthocephalans from crabs in the Southeastern U.S., with the first intermediate hosts known for Arhythmorhynchus frassoni and Hexaglandula corynosoma. Journal of Parasitology, 88(1):79-83.

Norenburg, Jon. 1986. Redescription of a brooding nemertine, Cyanophthalma obscura (Schultze) gen. et comb. n. with observations on its biology and discussion of the species of Prostomatella and related taxa. Zoologica Scripta, 15(4): 275-293.

Norenburg, Jon L. 1988. Chapter 22. Nemertina. IN: Introduction to the Study of Meiofauna. R. P. Higgins and H. Thiel, Editors. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, 287-292.

Norenburg, Jon L. 1988. Remarks on marine interstitial nemertines and key to the species. Hydrobiologia 156: 87-92.

Norenburg, Jon and Stephen A. Stricker. 2001. Phylum Nemertea, Chapter 7. IN: Atlas of Marine Invertebrate Larvae. Editors, Craig M. Young, Mary A. Sewell, and Mary E. Rice. Academic Press, 163-177.

Norris, J. N. and J. L. Olsen. 1991. Deep-water green algae from the Bahamas, including Cladophora vandenhoekii sp. nov. (Cladophorales). Phycologia, 30(4): 315-328.

Norris, James N. and David L. Ballantine. 1995. Two new species of the red alga Chrysymenia J. Agardh (Rhodymeniales: Rhodymeniaceae) from the tropical western Atlantic. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 108(1): 153-165.

N’Yeurt, Antoine D. R., Diane S. Littler and Mark M. Littler. 1996. Avrainvillea rotumensis sp. nov. (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta), a peltate species from the South Pacific. Phycological Research, 44: 81-84.

Ocampo, Emiliano H., Jesús D. Nuñez, Maximiliano Cledón, J. Antonio Baeza. 2012. Host-specific reproductive benefits, host selection behavior and host use pattern of the pinnotherid crab Calyptraeotheres garthi. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 429:36-46.

Okamura, Beth. 1986. Formation and disruption of aggregations of Mytilus edulis in the fouling community of San Francisco Bay, California. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 30: 275-282.

Okamura, B. 1986. Group living and the effects of spatial position in aggregations of Mytilus edulis. Oecologia (Berlin), 69: 341-347.

Okamura, Beth. 1987. Particle size and flow velocity induce an inferred switch in bryozoan suspension-feeding behavior. Biological Bulletin, 173: 222-229.

Okamura, Beth. 1987. Seasonal changes in zooid size and feeding activity in epifaunal colonies of Electra pilosa. IN: Bryozoa: Past and Present. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Bryozoa. Editor, J. R. P. Ross. Western Washington University Press, Bellingham, Washington, pp. 197-203.

Okamura, Beth. 1988. The influence of neighbors on the feeding of an epifaunal bryozoan. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 120: 105-123.

Okamura, B. 1990. Particle size, flow velocity, and suspension-feeding by the erect bryozoans Bugula neritina and B. stolonifera. Marine Biology, 105, 33-38.

Onaga, Hitoshi, G. Curt Fiedler, and J. Antonio Baeza. 2012. Protandric simultaneous hermaphroditism in Parhippolyte misticia (Clark, 1989) (Caridea: Hippolytidae): implications for the evolution of mixed sexual systems in shrimp. Journal of Crustacean Biology 32 (3):383-394.

Paerl, H. W., J. A. Joyner, A. R. Joyner, K. E. Arthur, V. J. Paul, J. M. O’Neil, and C. A. Heil. 2008. Co-occurrence of dinoflagellate and cyanobacterial harmful algal blooms in southwest Florida coastal waters: dual nutrient (N and P) input controls. Marine Ecology Progress Series 371: 143-153.

Paerl, Hans W. and Valerie J. Paul. 2012. Climate change: Links to global expansion of harmful cyanobacteria. Water Research 46:1349-1363.

Palacios-Theil, E., J. A. Cuesta, E. Campos, and D. L. Felder. 2009. Molecular-based re-examination of subfamily relationships and polyphyly in the family Pinnotheridae (Crustacea: Decapoda). IN: Crustacean Issues: Decapod Crustacean Phylogenetics, J. W. Martin, K. A. Crandall, and D. L. Felder (eds.). Taylor and Francis/CRC Press, 457-474.

Paul, Valerie J. Mark. M. Littler, Diane. S. Littler and William Fenical. 1987. Evidence for chemical defense in tropical green alga Caulerpa ashmedii (Caulerpaceae Chlorophyta): isolation of new bioactive sesquiterpenoids. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 13(5): 1171-1185.

Paul, Valerie J. and Melany P. Puglisi. 2004. Chemical mediation of interactions among marine organisms. Natural Products Report, 21: 189-209.

Paul, Valerie J., Robert W. Thacker, Kenneth Banks, Stjepko Golubic. 2005. Benthic cyanobacterial bloom impacts the reefs of South Florida (Broward County, USA). Coral Reefs, 24: 693-697.

Paul, V.J., M. Puglisi, and R. Ritson-Williams. 2006. Marine chemical ecology. Natural Product Reports, 23(2): 153-180.

Paul, Valerie J., Karen E. Arthur, Raphael Ritson-Williams, Cliff Ross, and Koty Sharp. 2007. Chemical defenses: from compounds to communities. Biological Bulletin, 213: 226-251.

Paul, Valerie J. 2008. Global warming and cyanobacterial harmful algal blooms, Chapter 11. IN: Global warming and cyanobacterial harmful algal blooms: state of the science and research needs. H. Kenneth Hudnell, Editor. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology Series 619: 239-257, Springer, New York.

Paul, Valerie J., Raphael Ritson-Williams. 2008. Marine chemical ecology. Natural Products Reports, 25: 662-695.

Paul, Valerie J., Julianne Piraino, and Laura Diederick. 2009. Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce: Thirty-eight years of research on the marine biodiversity of Florida. IN: Proceedings of the Smithsonian Marine Science Symposium: Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences, Number 38, 25-41.

Paul, Valerie J., Ilsa B. Kuffner, Linda J. Walters, Raphael Ritson-Williams, Kevin S. Beach, Mikel A. Becerro.  2011.  Chemically mediated interactions between macroalgae, Dictyota spp. and multiple life-history stages of the coral Porites astreoides.  Marine Ecology Progress Series, 426: 161-170.

Paul, Valerie J., Raphael Ritson-Williams and Koty Sharp.  2011.  Marine chemical ecology in benthic environments.  Natural Product Reports, 28: 345-387.

Pawlowski, Jan, Maria Holzmann, Jose Fahrni and Susan L. Richardson. 2003. Small Subunit Ribosomal DNA Suggests that the Xenophyophorean Syringammina corbicula is a foraminiferan. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, 50(6): 483-487.

Pawson, David L. and John E. Miller. 1979. Secondary sex characters in Coelopleurus floridanus A. Agassiz, 1872 (Echinodermata: Echinoidea). Bulletin of Marine Science, 29(4): 581-586.

Pawson, David L. and John E. Miller. 1981. Western Atlantic sea cucumbers of the genus Thyone, with description of two new species (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 94(2): 391-403.

Pawson, David L. and John E. Miller. 1982. Studies of genetically controlled phenotypic characters in laboratory-reared Lytechinus variegatus (Lamarck) (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) from Bermuda and Florida. IN: Proceedings of the International Echinoderms Conference, Tampa Bay, 1981, pp. 165-171. Editor, John M. Lawrence, Balkema Press, Netherlands.

Pawson, David L., John E. Miller, and C. M. Hoskin. 1982. Distribution of Holothuria lentiginosa enodis Miller & Pawson in relation to a deep-water Oculina coral reef off Fort Pierce, Florida, (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea). IN: Proceedings of the International Echinoderms Conference, Tampa Bay, 1981, pp. 321. Editor, John M. Lawrence, Balkema Press, Rotterdam.

Pawson, David L. and John E. Miller. 1983. Systematics and ecology of the sea-urchin genus Centrostephanus (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) from the Atlantic and eastern Pacific Oceans. Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences, 20: 1-15.

Pawson, David L. and John E. Miller. 1987. Holothuria arenicola Semper, 1868 (Echinodermata, Holothuroidea): proposed conservation of the specific name. Case 2415. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, 44(2): 114-115.

Pawson, David L. and John E. Miller. 1988. Thyone tanyspeira, a new species of sea cucumber from the southern Caribbean Sea (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea). Bulletin of Marine Science, 42(2): 310-316.

Pawson, David L. and John E. Miller. 1992. Phyllophorus (Urodemella) arenicola, A new sublittoral sea cucumber from the Southeastern United States (Echinodermata:Holothuroidea). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 105(3): 483-489.

Pawson, D.L. and C.Aheam. 2001. Bathyal Echinoderms of the Galapagos Islands. Pages 41-46 IN: M.F. Barker (Editor), Proceedings of the 10th International Echinoderm Conference, A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Pawson, David L. 2004. Ovalidota milleri, a new species of bathyal sea cucumber from the Caribbean Sea (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea: Apodida). Zootaxa, 561: 1-6.

Pawson, David L. 2007. Narcissia ahearnae, a new species of sea star from the western Atlantic (Echinodermata: Asteroidea: Valvatida). Zootaxa, 1386: 53-58.

Pawson, D. L., D. J. Vance, C. G. Messing, Francisco A. Solis-Marin, and C. L. Mah. 2009. Chapter 71: Echinodermata of the Gulf of Mexico. Pp. 1177-1204. IN: D. L. Felder and D. K. Camp (Editors), Gulf of Mexico: Origins, Water, and Biota, Volume 1, Biodiversity. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas, College Station. 1393 pages.

Pawson, David L., Doris J. Pawson, & Rachael A. King. 2010. A taxonomic guide to the Echinodermata of the South Atlantic Bight, USA: I. Sea cucumbers (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea). Zootaxa 2449: 1-48.

Pechenik, Jan A. and Mary E. Rice. 2001. Influence of delayed metamorphosis on postsettlement survival and growth in the sipunculan Apionsoma misakianum. Invertebrate Biology, 120(1): 50-57.

Peiró, Douglas F., J. Antonio Baeza and Fernando L. Mantelatto. 2013. Host use pattern and sexual dimorphism reveal the mating system of the symbiotic pea-crab Austinixa aidae (Righi, 1967). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 93(3): 715–723. doi: 10.1017/S0025315412000720

Pernet, B., P.-Y Qian, K.J. Eckelbarger, and C.M. Young. 2000. Phylum Annelida, Chapter 12. IN: Atlas of Marine Invertebrate Larvae. Editors, Craig M. Young, Mary A. Sewell, and Mary E. Rice. Academic Press, 209-243.

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Rice, Mary E. 1985. Description of a wood dwelling sipunculan Phascolosoma turnerae, new species. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 98(1): 54-60.

Rice, Mary E. 1986. Factors influencing larval metamorphosis in Golfingia misakiana (Sipuncula). Bulletin of Marine Science, 39(2): 362-375.

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Young, Craig M., Roland H. Emson, Mary E. Rice and Paul A. Tyler. 2013. A paradoxical mismatch of fecundity and recruitment in deep-sea opportunists:Cocculinid and pseudococculinid limpets colonizing vascular plant remains on the Bahamian Slope. Deep-Sea Research II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 92: 36-45.

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